Annuals, Biennials, Perennials

Notes: Click on the column headings to sort the table. The first click sorts the column into ascending order; the second click sorts in reverse order.

Common names link to external pages with pictures and further descriptions of plants. Links are to non-commercial sites only. Additional information about a plant may be available from the results of a general Web search. Plant and seed vendors want you to succeed in growing their plants as much as you do and often offer excellent advice for selecting and growing plants.

Botanical Name Common Name Size Water Sun Native? Evergreen? Remarks
Achillea 'moonshine' Moonshine Yarrow 1.5' - 2' H 2' W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Perennials - Flame resistant - Silver-gray foliage, deep yellow flowers
Achillea filipendulina Fernleaf Yarrow 4-5'H 3'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - Deep green fernlike leaves - Bright yellow flowers - Several varieties
Achillea millefolium Common Yarrow See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - Flame resistant - Many varieties of different colors - Spreads by underground runners
Achillea serbica Serbian Yarrow 4" H 15" W Moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - Flame resistant - Slow-growing mats of leaves covered with numerous white flowers
Achillea X kellereri Keller's Yarrow 6" H 12 ' W Moderate water Full sun Perennial - Flame resistant - Large white flower clusters continue through summer
Agastache spp. Agastache 2-4' H & W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Perennial - Check nursery for interesting hybrids and water requirements - Reblooms if deadheaded - Favorites with hummingbirds
Alyssum montanum Mountain Gold Alyssum 4"H 18""W Moderate water Full sun Perennial or groundcover - Flame resistant - After blooming is finished, shear off the faded flowers just above the foliage and enjoy the texture of its low-growing gray-green mat of leaves
Alyssum wulfenianum Alyssum 1.5' W mound Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Perennial - Prostrate & trailing with pale yellow flowers
Amorpha canescens Leadplant 2-4' H 3' W Moderate water Full sun Perennial - Prune to one foot in fall to increase flowers
Anacyclus depressus Mount Atlas Daisy 3" H 15" W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - Silvery-gray foliage with white daisy flowers - Good plant for edging pathways
Artemisia filifolia Sand Sagebrush 4' H 5' W No to little water Full sun Perennial - Toxic, noticed primarily by people who suffer from allergies - From spring through fall, yellowish white flowers bloom - Many-branched shrub
Artemisia frigida Fringed Wormwood 1.5' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - Cut back as needed
Artemisia spp. Artemisia spp. See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Some Perennials & shrubs - Many species - Inquire at nursery for size, exposure and hardiness
Artemisia stellerana Old Woman/Dusty Miller 2.5' 'H 3'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial
Asclepias spp. Milkweeds See remarks No to little water Full sun/partial shade Yes Perennials or vines - Some - Toxic, all parts of many Asclepias species are poisonous if ingested - Height and width vary by species
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Weed 3' H 1' W Moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - Toxic, all parts of many Asclepias species are poisonous if ingested - Long lasting cut flowers
Aurinia saxatilis/Alyssum Basket of Gold 8-12" H mound Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Perennial - Many varieties - Shear lightly to one half right after bloom
Bahia absinthifolia Bahia 1' H & W No water Full sun Yes Yes Perennial, can be used as a groundcover - Shallow caliche soil OK - Fast growth rate - New plants volunteer readily
Baileya multiradiata Desert Marigold 1.5' H & 1' W Little water Full sun Yes Yes Annual or Perennial - Flame resistant - Short-lived, but freely reseeds
Berlandiera lyrata Chocolate Flower 1.5 - 3' H & W Little water Full sun Yes Yes Perennial - Shear seedheads lightly to encourage more bloom - Dry for winter bouquets
Callirhoe alcaeoides Logan Calhoun 6" H 18-24"W Moderate water Full sun Perennial - Summer bloomer - White flowers
Callirhoe involucrata Poppy Mallow 5" H 24-30"W Little to moderate water Full sun Perennial - Wine-red flowers with a white eye all summer - Good cascader
Calylophus spp. Sundrops 1.5 'H 2' W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Some Perennial - Flame resistant - Prune just before spring growth begins - Flowers in spring and from late summer to late fall (actually into winter)
Centaurea, Artemisia, Senecio spp. Dusty Miller See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Annual, Perennial or Biennial - Common name given to many plants with lovely gray foliage - Height & width varies
Centranthus ruber Jupiter's Beard 3' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Perennial - Not fussy about growing conditions - Blooms late spring through summer
Chamaemelum nobile Chamomile 3-12" mat Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Perennial - Small yellow button flowers - Useful between stepping stones
Conoclinium (Eupatorium) greggii Mistflower 'Boothill' 1.5 -2'H 1-3'W Little water Full sun/partial shade Yes Perennial - First found near Tombstone - Fluffy lavender flowers late spring to fall
Coreopsis spp. Coreopsis See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Annual and Perennial - Many species - Check with nursery for hardiness, size and interesting varieties
Cosmos spp. Cosmos See remarks Moderate water Full sun Annual and Perennial - Several varieties from 1 to 7' H - Various colors
Dalea purpurea Purple Prairie Clover 18" H & W Little to moderate water Perennial Marginal - Heavy summer bloomer
Delosperma spp. Ice Plant See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Perennial or Succulent - Flame resistant - Several species - Check with nurseries for size and hardiness
Dianthus gratianopolitanus Firewitch 1' W mat Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Perennial or ground cover - Gray-blue foliage, hot-pink flowers
Echinops spp. Globe Thistle 2-4' H 2' W Moderate water Full sun Perennial - Several species - Check with nursery - Excellent for dry arrangements
Erigeron spp. Fleabane See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Yes Some Perennial - Flame resistant - Check with nursery for sizes and hardiness
Eriogonum alberti Albert's Buckwheat 1.5' H 1'W No water Full sun Yes Perennial -Tiny pink flowers appear in clusters mid-summer through fall
Eriogonum umbellatum Sulfur Flower 1.5' H 3' W Little to moderate water Full sun Perennial - Prune to shape when plants are young
Eriogonum wrightii Wright's Buckwheat 18" H 24" W No to little water Full sun Yes Perennial - Flammable - Tiny white or pink flowers appear in clusters midsummer through fall
Erodium chrysanthum Yellow Stork's Bill 5" H 12"W Moderate water Full sun Perennial - Late spring blooming - Primrose yellow flowers with lacy greeen foliage
Eschscholzia californica ssp. mexicana California Poppy 8" H 1' W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial often grown as an Annual - Flame resistant - Deep golden flowers in spring
Euphorbia spp. Euphorbia See remarks Little water See remarks Yes Yes Water requirements, exposure, and size vary by species - Some native - Some deciduous, some evergreen - Annual, perennial or biennual - Toxic, All euphorbias have a milky -white sap that is toxic on contact, including gopher plants and poinsettas - About 2000 species in genus - Only buy plant species that use moderate or less water - Can also be be trees or shrubs.
Evolvulus arizonicus Arizona Blue Eyes 1' H & 1' W No water Full sun Yes Perennial ground cover - Usually grown as an Annual
Gaillardia spp. Gaillardia 2-4' H 1 1/2' W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Some Annual or Perennial - Flame resistant - Height of the several species vary - Check with nursery
Gaura lindheimeri Gaura 2-4' H 2-3' W Little to moderate water Full sun Perennial - Flame resistant - Several varieties - Remove seed-bearing spikes to improve appearance - Long bloom period
Gilia spp. Gilia See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Some Annual - Check nursery for sizes - Flowers late spring to early fall
Helianthus maximiliana Sante Fe Helianthus 6-8' H 4' W Moderate water Full sun Annual or Perennial - Fall bloomer has large golden-yellow flowers - Grows in any soil
Heliomeris (Viguiera) spp. Goldeneye 3' H & 3' W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Some Annual or Perennial - Cut back after bloom or before new growth begins - Can be grown from seed
Hesperaloe parviflora Red Yucca 3 - 4 ' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Perennial - Heat tolerant - Red flowers - There are yellow and yellow-red -flowered forms
Kniphofia uvaria Red Hot Poker 3' H & W Moderate water Full sun Perennial - Marginal - Easy to grow - Grasslike foliage - Red & yellow spikes in summer
Lavandula spp. Lavender See remarks Moderate water Full sun Annual or Perennial - Flame resistant - Many species and varieties available - All are water wise, but some are not hardy in our zone - Check with nursery for hardiness and size
Limonium latifolium Perennial Blue Statice 30" H 24" W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Annual or Perennial - Airy summer bloomer with lavender-blue sprays - Good dried cut flower
Linum lewisii Western Blue Flax 3' H 1' W Moderate water Full sun Yes Annual or Perennial - Flame resistant - Easy to grow from seed - Hard to divide - Other linums OK
Melampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy 1' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - If straggly, cut back in fall - Grows best in decomposed granite
Nepeta spp. Catmint/Catnip See remarks Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Perennial - Great for attracting every cat in the neighborhood into your yard - Many varieties - Check for height, width and hardiness
Nolina matapensis Tree Bear Grass 10-25'H 10'W Little water Full sun Perennial - Lush looking species - Allow ample space for growth
Nolina microcarpa Bear Grass 3'H 6'W No to little water Full sun Yes Perennial, but looks like a tall grass - Strong vertical silhouette - Good for dry landscapes - Handle carefully as it may cut your hand
Oenothera spp. Evening Primrose See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Perennial - Flame resistant - Open during day - Stems die back in winter All except Oenothera elata hookeri OK for our area - Sizes variable, check with nursery
Origanum spp. Oregano 2' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Usually Perennial - Marginal - Many species, some not hardy in our area - Check with nursery for exposure and hardiness - Culinary herb
Penstemon spp. Penstemon See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Many natives - Perennial - Flame resistant - Over 250 species - Check nursery for size, hardiness and water requirements - If plants require regular water, then they are not recommended.
Perovskia Russian Sage 3-4' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - Flame resistant - Trim spent blossoms to extend bloom season - Several varieties
Phemeranthus calycinum Flame Flower 8-12" H 5' W Moderate water Full sun Perennial - Long summer bloomer - Often goes dormant before first frost
Phlomis russeliana Hardy Jerusalem Sage 36" H 20" W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Perennial - Yellow flowers, olive-green leaves
Phlox tenuifolia Desert Phlox 2' H & W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Perennial - Mounded white flowers
Psilostrophe spp. Paper Flower 18" H & W No to little water Full sun Yes Yes Perennial - Dried flowers can be used in arrangements
Ruschia calvinia pink Shrubby Ice Plant 18"H & W Moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - Shrublet - Clear pink flowers - Winter foliage is purple
Salvia chamaedryoides Blue Sage 1-2' H 2-3' W Moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - Marginal - Flame resistant - Deadhead to encourage rebloom
Salvia sclarea Clary Sage 3-4' Flower Stalks & 2-3' W Little to moderate water Full sun Biennial or Perennial - Flame resistant - Cutting stems before seeds form produces rebloom and may prolong plant's life
Scutellaria spp. Prairie Skullcap See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Some Perennial - Neat mound of lavender-blue flowers in late spring - Check with nursery for size
Scutellaria x hybrid Violet Cloud' 6" H 15" W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Perennial - Mounding habit - Water regularly first season
Sedum spp. Sedum/Stonecrop See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Yes Some Perennial - Flame resistant - Many species - Check nursery for sizes - Will not take foot traffic
Sempervivum tectorum Hens and Chickens 2-5"W rosettes Little water Partial shade Yes Perennial or Succulent - Water only to prevent shriveling
Silene laciniata Mexican Catchfly 15" H & W Moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - Summer blooming - Too much water after established will cause plant to get floppy
Solidago spp. Goldenrod 1-3'H 2'W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Four native Solidago species in Cochise County - Perennial - Does not cause hay fever
Sphaeralcea spp. Globemallow 2-4' H 1.5-3' W No to little water Full sun Yes Some Deciduous Perennial - Cut old stems almost to ground in spring - Many colors available
Stachys byzantina Lamb's Ears 18" H Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Perennial -Tongue-shaped woolly white leaves - Spreads by surface runners
Stachys spp. Stachys Sizes vary Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Perennial - Coccinea native in Cochise County - Not fussy about soil type - Needs good drainage
Stanleya pinnata Prince's Plume 36"H 18"W Little water Full sun Perennial - Clear yellow flowers - Cut off entire flower spike after blooming to fill out the plant
Tagetes lemmonii Mountain Marigold 3-6' H & W Moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Semi- or deciduous Perennial - Leaves fragrant when rubbed - Can flower all year- Cut back after heavy bloom - Can get frost damage
Tetraneuris acaulis Angelita Daisy 8" H 12' W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial -1' stems - Daisy yellow flowers nearly all year in mild winter climates - Cut off faded flowers to prolong bloom
Tetraneuris scaposa Clustered Goldflower 8"H 12"W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - 16" stems - Cut off faded flowers to prolong bloom
Teucrium x lucidrys Germander 1' H 2' W Moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - Thin and cut back before spring growth begins - T. prostratum is four to six feet high and three or more feet wide
Thymophylla spp. Dyssodia (Includes Dogweeds,Dahlberg Daisy and Golden Fleece)) 4"-1'H 4"-1.5'W Moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Perennial, some grown as Annuals - Mounds - Blooms summer to fall - When plants get ragged, pull them out - Can easily be started from seed
Thymus lanuginosus Woolly Thyme 2" H 18" W Moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - Low maintenance variety with tiny, felted, gray leaves - Good for high traffic areas -
Thymus spp. Thyme See remarks Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Perennial, some grown as Annuals - Many species and varieties - Check water use and size - Small space groundcovers - Culinary herb
Verbascum olympicum Mullein 5' H 3' W Moderate water Full sun Perennial - Soft downy-white leaves, bright yellow flowers
Verbena bipinnatifida Verbena 8-16"H 18"W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial or Groundcover - Some grown as Annuals -Flame resistant - Eight native verbenas in Cochise County - Fast-growing ground covers - Attractive in crevices and hanging baskets - V. bonariensis, V. gooddingii, V..x hortensis, V. peruviana
Verbena peruviana Verbena 1'H 3'W Moderate water Full sun Yes Perennial - Pink, red, white or purple flowers - Spreads by above-ground runners
Veronica incana Silver Speedwell 10" H 15" W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Perennial - Blooms late spring, but will keep flowering all summer if deadheaded
Veronica orientalis Oriental Speedwell 8" H 18" W Moderate water Full sun Perennial - Compact mounds of gray-green foliage, deep blue flowers
Viguiera stenoloba Skeletonleaf Goldeneye 3' H & W No to little water Full sun/partial shade Yes Perennial - Differs in both culture & foliage from other desert plants - Can be utilized in medians, parking lot parking strips, and planter boxes
Zauchneria californica latifolia Hardy Hummingbird Trumpet/California Fuschia 1.5' H 2' W Little to moderate water Full sun Perennial - 'Everett's Choice' is an improved variety - 'Arizonica' is 3' high and has bright orange flowers
Zexmenia hispida Zexmenia 2-3' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Perennial - Can lose leaves in cold winters
Zinnia grandiflora Prairie Zinnia 4"H 15"W No to little water Full sun Yes Annual or Semi-Annual in our zone - Late summer bloomer - Can be difficult to grow