Trees, Shrubs, Groundcovers

Notes: Click on the column headings to sort the table. The first click sorts the column into ascending order; the second click sorts in reverse order.

Common names link to external pages with pictures and further descriptions of plants. Links are to non-commercial sites only. Additional information about a plant may be available from the results of a general Web search. Plant and seed vendors want you to succeed in growing their plants as much as you do and often offer excellent advice for selecting and growing plants.

Botanical Name Common Name Size Water Sun Native? Evergreen? Remarks
Acacia angustissima 'Hirta' Fern Acacia 5' H & W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Deciduous Shrub - May freeze to ground in winter, but will recover - Soak root zone every month or two in summer, less or not at all in winter
Acacia berlandieri Guajillo 5-12'H 5-20'W No to little water Full sun Yes Tree - Flammable - Marginal - Thornless forms available
Acacia constricta White Thorn Acacia 6 - 20' H & W Little water Full sun Yes Deciduous Shrub - Bark looks red in winter when wet
Acacia crassifolia Butterfly-leaf Acacia 10-15'H & W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Tree - Leaves butterfly-winged shaped
Acacia greggii Catclaw Acacia 15-25'H 15'W No to little water Full sun Yes Deciduous Tree - Thorns - Shrubby in drought, Treelike with water
Acacia rigidula Blackbrush Acacia 10-15' H&W No to little water Full sun Yes Semi-Tree or Shrub - Fragrant, pale yellow flowers almost glow on a bright spring day - To train to a single stalk, trim off suckers at base
Acacia smallii Sweet Acacia 10-35'H 15-25'W No to little water Full sun Deciduous Tree - Flammable - Marginal - Thorns
Acacia stenophylla Shoestring Acacia 30' H 20' W No to little water Full sun Deciduous Tree - Flammable - Marginal - Thornless
Albizia julibrissin Mimosa (Silk Tree) 40'H 60'W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Deciduous Tree - Can be controlled to a 10 to 20 ' umbrella patio Tree - Sometimes multi-stemmed
Aloysia gratissima Whitebrush 6'H 8'W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Deciduous Shrub - Flowers strongly vanilla scented
Aloysia wrightii Wright's Bee Bush 5' H & W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade, but prefers sun Yes Deciduous Shrub - Blooms spring through fall - Sweet-scented flowers can be used to flavor teas and iced drinks
Anisacanthus quadrifidus wrightii Desert Honeysuckle 3' H - 4' H Moderate water Full sun /partial shade Deciduous Shrub - Rabbits love new shoots, so protect - For compact shape and prolific bloom, cut back to 1/2 to 1/3 before spring growth - Attracts hummingbirds
Anisacanthus thurberi Desert Honeysuckle 4' H & W Moderate water Full sun Yes Deciduous Shrub - Cut to ground before spring growth to rejuvenate - Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies
Arbutus unedo Strawberry Tree 8 - 35' H & W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Tree or Shrub - Flame resistant - Non-edible fruits resemble strawberries in texture - Several varieties
Arctostaphylos pungens Manzanita 6' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Yes Shrub - Smooth red bark and crooked branches - Berries attract birds
Artemisia spp. Artemisia See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Some shrubs or groundcovers - Check with nursery for hardiness and size
Asclepias linaria Pineleaf Milkweed 2' H 3' W Little water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Toxic, all parts of many Asclepias species are poisonous if ingested - Marginal - Needle-like leaves, 2" white-flower clusters bloom Mar - Dec.
Atriplex canescens Four-wing Saltbush 3-6' H 4-8' W No to little water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - To keep compact, cut back by one third each year before spring growth
Atriplex lentiformis Quail Bush 3-10'H 6-12'W No to little water Full sun Deciduous Shrub - Flame resistant - Cut back by one third before spring growth - Useful as a salt-tolerant informal hedge or windbreak
Baccharis `starn' Baccharis `Starn' 3-4' H 4-5' W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Tolerates desert heat & resists root rot - The male cultivar does not produce seed clusters
Baccharis sarothroides Desert Broom 5' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Purchase male plants only, females produce messy cottony seed clusters - Extremely drought tolerant and can take poor soil
Berberis haematocarpa Red Barberry 5' H & W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Yes Shrub - Attractive foliage, pretty flowers, showy berries - Other barberrys not water wise
Berberis trifoliata Agarita 6' H & W Moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Hollylike leaves - Yellow fragrant flowers Feb. thru Apr.
Brahea armata Mexican Blue Palm 40'H 25'W Little water Full sun Yes Tree - Takes heat & wind
Buddleja marrubiifolia Wooly Butterfly Bush 5' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Small, ball shaped, orange flower clusters in spring and summer - Wooly foliage - Prune after bloom
Caesalpinia gilliesii Yellow Bird of Paradise 5-10 'H 4' W No to little water Full sun Deciduous Tree or Shrub - Toxic, pods and seeds are poisonous if ingested - Yellow flowers with red stamens - Naturalized
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Red Bird of Paradise 2-4' H & W No to little water Full sun Deciduous Shrub - Marginal - Dies to ground in winter - Prune before spring growth - Red flowers
Calliandra eriophylla Fairy Duster 1-3' H - 4' W No to little water Full sun/partial shade Yes Deciduous Shrub or Groundcover - Flame resistant - No irrigation needed, but blooms will last longer with some summer water
Callistemon citrinus Bottlebrush 10-15' H&W Moderate water Full sun Yes Tree or Shrub - Marginal - Bruised leaves smell lemony
Cassia wislizenii Shrubby Senna 5-8'H 5-10-'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Deciduous Shrub - Brilliant yellow flowers in late summer
Cedrus deodora Deodar Cedar 80'H 40'W Moderate water Full sun Yes Tree - Flammable - Many varieties available
Celtis occidentalis Common Hackberry 50' H&W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Deciduous Tree - Resistant to oak root fungus - Tree does not heave sidewalks - Good choice for street or lawn tree
Celtis pallida Desert Hackberry 10' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Deciduous Tree or Shrub - Flame resistant - Good choice for screen barrier or erosion control or near buildings
Celtis reticulata Netleaf Hackberry 25-30 'H & W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Deciduous Tree - Flame resistant - Tree does not heave sidewalks - Good choice for sTreet or lawn Tree
Ceratoides lanata Winter Fat 1.5 - 3' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Yes Shrub - Can be used in dry arrangements - Attract birds
Cercidium Desert Museum Desert Museum Palo Verde 20 ' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Deciduous Tree- Hybrid - Clean, thornless and few seedpods and litter - Prune only to enhance form - Don't prune in summer
Cercidium floridum Blue Palo Verde 35'H 30'W Little to moderate water Full sun Deciduous Tree - Bluish-green branches - Prune only to enhance form - Do not prune in summer
Cercidium microphyllum Little-leaf Palo Verde/Foothill Palo Verde 20' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Deciduous Tree - Also called Foothills Palo Verde - Arizona state Tree
Cercis occidentalis Western Redbud 10-18 'H & W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Deciduous Tree - Flame resistant - Can be multi-stemmed - Magenta flowers in spring - Many seed pods in summer - 'Alba' is a 3 to 6' white-flowered Shrub-
Cercocarpus spp. Mountain Mahogany See remarks No to little water Full sun Yes Yes Some or deciduous Tree or Shrub - Check with nursery for sizes - Distinguished in fall by long-lasting small fruit
Chamaebatiaria millefolium Fernbush 6-8'H&W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Semi- or deciduous Shrub - Fragrant, light green ferny foliage - Upright white flower clusters 4" long
Chilopsis linearis Desert Willow 15-30'H 10-20'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Deciduous Tree or Shrub - Flame resistant - Flowers spring to fall, producing trumpet-shaped blossoms that attract hummingbirds - Sterile varieties not messy - Usually multi-trunked - Thin growth to enhance picturesque shape
Chitalpa tashkentensis Chitalpa 20-30' H&W Little to moderate water Full sun Deciduous Tree - Rapid grower - Flowers spring to fall - Chitalpa is a cross between Catalpa and Desert Willow - Susceptible to leaf spot, but it won't harm Tree
Chrysactinia mexicana Damianita 2' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Heaviest bloom in spring and fall; eases off in summer in intense heat - Shear in early spring - Cut back severely if plant too woody
Chrysothamnus nauseosus Rabbitbrush 6' H 3' W No to little water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Leaves and stems aromatic - Good for natural plantings - C. viscidiflorus also available - Important: must have good drainage
Cissus trifoliata Arizona Grape Ivy 30'H 2'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Vine in warmest locations - Toxic, contact with plant may cause a skin rash on sensitive people - Useful for covering chain link fences or trellises
Condalia lycioides, mexicana, spathulata Crucillo 8-' H - 10' W Little water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Impenetrable security barrier - Slow growing
Convolvulus cneorum Bush Morning Glory 2-4' H & W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Shrub or Groundcover - Marginal - Best in sun
Cordia parvifolia Little-leaf Cordia 4-8' H 4-10' W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Can be an informal hedge
Cotoneaster spp. Cotoneaster See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Semi-deciduous or deciduous shrub or groundcover - Toxic, berries are slightly poisonous, especially for young children - Flame resistant - Many cotoneasters OK in our area - Check nurseries for hardiness and size
Cupressus arizonica Arizona Cypress 40'H 20'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Tree - Flammable - Can be used as a windbreak
Cupressus forbesii Tecate Cypress 10-25'H 20'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Tree - Flammable - Fast grower - Keep on dry side so it won't grow so fast that it will topple
Cupressus sempervirens Italian Cypress 60H 10'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Tree - Flammable - Several varieties available
Dalea bicolor Indigo Bush/Silver Dalea 3-4' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Semi- or deciduous Shrub - Flame resistant - Rapid regrowth from hard winter pruning brings a quick crop of fresh foliage - Overwatering or drought can cause partial leaf drop
Dalea capitata Golden Dalea 8"H 3'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub or Groundcover - Flame resistant - Cut back in winter to generate new spring growth - Overwatering or drought can cause partial leaf drop
Dalea frutescens Black Dalea 3' H 4' W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Prune by one half in January - Overwatering or drought can cause partial leaf drop
Dalea greggii Trailing Indigo Bush 1.5'H 6'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Groundcover - Flame resistant - Mounding habit - Overwatering or drought can cause partial leaf drop
Dalea pulchra Smoke Bush/Indigo Bush 8'H 5'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Spectacular spring bloom of purple flower clusters - Allow ample room to grow
Dasylirion acrotriche Green Desert Spoon 3-4' H - 4-5' W No to little water Full sun/partial shade Yes Shrub - Spherical clump - 10' or higher flower stalk
Dasylirion quadrangulatum Mexican Grass Tree 10-16'H & 9' W No to little water Full sun/partial shade Yes Shrub - Marginal - Green leaves in fountainlike clump
Dasylirion texanum Texas Sotol 5' H & W No water Full sun Yes Shrub - 15' H flower stalk
Dasylirion wheeleri Desert Spoon 3-5' H 4-5' W No to little water Full sun/partial shade Yes Yes Shrub - Spherical clump - In fall, 9 -15' flower spikes - Prized in dry arrangements
Dodonaea viscosa Green Hopbush 10' H & 6' W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Yes Native Shrub - Flammable - Can be trained as a small Tree - In Hawaii, the seed capsules are used in leis
Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian Olive 20' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Deciduous Tree- Can be clipped to make a hedge - Takes almost any kind of punishment
Ephedra spp. Mormon Tea See remarks No to little water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Erect and densely branched - Check with nursery for sizes
Ericameria laricifolia Turpentine Bush 2 - 3' H Little water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Flammable - If the plant becomes lanky, prune it back and it will regrow with dense foliage
Eriogonum spp. Buckwheat See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Some Shrub - Flammable - Check with nursery for size and hardiness
Erythrina flabelliformis Coral Bean 3-4' H - 2' W Little water Full sun Yes Deciduous Shrub - Toxic, the flat beanlike pods after bloom contain poisonous seeds - Flame resistant - Short spines - Will freeze to ground in winter, but will recover
Eucalyptus spp. Eucalyptus See remarks No to little water Full sun Yes Tree or Shrub - Flammable - Check with nursery for hardiness and size - Prolonged freezes can kill even large Trees - Susceptible to eucalyptus redgum lerp psyllid
Eysenhardtia orthocarpa Kidneywood 20' H 12' W No to little water Full sun Yes Deciduous Tree or Shrub - Excellent Tree for small spaces - White vanilla scented flowers spring to summer
Fallugia paradoxa Apache Plume 4-6' H 5' W No water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Pruning usually not needed - Seed heads are feathery pink, like an Apache headdrress
Fendlera rupicola False Mockorange 4'H & 4'W Moderate water Full sun Yes Deciduous Shrub - Fragrant white flowers bloom in spring
Forestiera neomexicana Desert Olive 12-18'H 12'W Little to moderate water Full sun Deciduous Tree or Shrub - Flame resistant - Fairly fast grower - Can be trained to be a small multi-trunked Tree
Fouquieria splendens Ocotillo 8-15'H 5-10'W No to little water Full sun Yes Deciduous Shrub - Attractive long red flower clusters resemble candles - Does not regularly have leaves
Frangula californica Coffeeberry/Buckthorn 3-15' H - 8' W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Yes Shrub - No irrigation needed when established - Check with nursery for size & color
Fraxinus greggii Little-leaf Ash 25'H 20'W Little water Full sun Yes Semi- Tree - May be multi-trunked - Good size ash for small yards
Fraxinus velutina 'Rio Grande' Arizona Ash 30'H 30-40'W Moderate water Full sun Yes Deciduous Tree - Flame resistant -''Rio Grande', Fan-tex ash is the recommended ash for this area - Thrives in hot, dry climates and alkaline soils - Foliage resistant to wind burn
Funastrum cynanchoides Climbing Milkweed 10' long Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Deciduous Vine - Starlike white flowers bloom May to September
Garrya wrightii Silk Tassel 8' H 6'W No to little water Full sun/partial shade Yes Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Can be used as an informal hedge - Grown mainly for their pendulous male and female catkins
Gossypium thurberi Wild Cotton 2 - 6' H 3' W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Deciduous Shrub - Flammable - Head back fast growing terminal branches to side buds for a more compact plant
Gutierrezia sarothrae Snakeweed 18' H 2' W No to little water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Low-growing Shrub with July to Sept flowers can brighten a desert garden
Helianthemum nummularium Sun Rose 6" H 18" W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Groundcover - Several colors - Shear after flowering for light repeat blooming
Hyptis emoryi Desert Lavender 3-10'H - 3-8'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Marginal - Erect or spreading Shrub - May die to roots in winter - Plants give off pleasant lavender fragrance following rains or when brushed against
Ipomoea coccinea Scarlet Creeper 8' H Little water Full sun Yes Vine - Bright red tubular flowers frequented by hummingbirds
Juglans major Arizona Walnut 50' H & W Moderate water Full sun Yes Deciduous Tree - Edible nuts have a rich flavor
Juniperis spp. Juniper See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Shrub or Groundcover - Flammable - Expect root rot if soil is waterlogged - Check with nursery for hardiness and size - Don't plant next to lawn sprinklers or overwater
Juniperus spp. Juniper See remarks Little water Full sun /partial shade Yes Yes Tree - Some Flammable - Check with nursery for size, water requirements & hardiness - When junipers fail, it's usually from too much moisture
Justicia californica Chuparosa 3'H 4'W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Semi- or deciduous Shrub - Marginal - May freeze to ground in winter, but will come back quickly in spring
Koelreuteria paniculata Goldenrain Tree 20 H & W Moderate water Full sun Deciduous Tree - Can be gawky without pruning
Lagerstroemia spp. Crape Myrtle See remarks Moderate water Full sun Deciduous Tree or Shrub - Flame resistant - All crape myrtles hardy for our zone except L. speciosa (Giant crape myrtle) - Check with nursery for sizes and colors
Lantana spp. Lantana See remarks Moderate water Full sun Deciduous Shrub or Groundcover - Toxic, fruits are poisonous if ingested - All lantanas OK for our area - Many colors and varieties - Will die to ground in winter, but will recover - Prone to mildew in shade - Check with nursery for size
Larrea tridentata Creosote Bush 4-6 'H - 8' W No to little water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Flammable - Plants in shade become leggy
Lavandula spp. Lavender See remarks Moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Forms mounds - Many species - Check nursery for size, hardiness and color - Attract birds, butteflies, and bees
Leonotis leonurus Lion's Tail 4 - 6' H & W No to little water Full sun Yes Shrub - If frost hits, cut back to live growth in spring
Leucaena retusa Golden Ball Lead Tree 12-20' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Tree in mild winters, otherwise deciduous - Tree or Shrub - Useful between cultivated garden and native desert - Best if planted in wind sheltered area
Leucophyllum spp. Texas Ranger/Sage See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Many species - Requires little or no pruning - Check nursery for size
Lycium spp. Lycium 6' H & W Little water Full sun Yes Deciduous Shrub - Can be used for barrier plantings
Macfadyena unguis-cati Cat's Claw 25-40' H Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Evergreen or deciduous vine or groundcover - After bloom, cut back some stems to stimulate growth lower down - Pinch back vigorous shoots as needed - Do not grow on stucco as it may pull the stucco off
Myoporum parvifolium Myoporum 3-6" H 9' W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Marginal - Great ground cover - Some dieback in cold winters, recovers rapidly
Myrtus communis Myrtle 5-6'' H 4-5' W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Many named selections - Check with nursery for size and hardiness
Nandina domestica Heavenly Bamboo 3-6' H 2-3' W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Many varieties - All types turn crimson in fall - Cut oldest canes to ground in spring before growth begins - Dwarf varieties available
Nerium oleander Oleander 3-20'H 4-12'W Little to moderate water Full sun Evergree Shrub - Flame resistant - Toxic, all parts poisonous if ingested. Don't burn prunings, smoke can cause severe irritation - Routine pruning not necessary
Olea europaea Olive 'Swan Hill' 25-30' H&W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Tree - Marginal - This is a sterile variety - Non-sterile varieties stain pavement and lawns and are allergenic
Parthenocissus spp. Creeper Vines See remarks Moderate water Full sun /partial shade Yes Deciduous Vine - Handsome foliage is beautifully colored in autumn - P. henryana marginal in our zone - Inquire at nursery for size
Pinus cembroides, edulis, monophylla Pinyon Pine 10 - 25' H No to little water Full sun Yes Yes Tree - Flammable - Cones contain edible seeds - Slow growing
Pinus eldarica Afghan Pine 30-80'H 15-25'W Little water Full Sun Yes Tree - Marginal - Not for our zone, although they seem to do well in our area - Avoid planting where oaks are present as they may be subject to Comadra blister rust - Flammable - One of best pines for much of the desert
Pinus mugo mugo Muhgo Pine 4-8' H 8-15' W Little water Full sun Yes Shrub - Flammable - Group includes compact selections
Pinus pinea Italian Stone Pine 40-80'H 40-60'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Tree - Flammable - Marginal - Eventually too large for small gardens - Edible seeds
Pistacia chinensis Chinese Pistache 30-60' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Decidious Tree - Flame resistant - Reliable Tree for streetside planting, lawn, patio, or garden - Good fall color
Potentilla fruticosa Shrubby Cinquefoil 1-3'H 3-4'W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade in hottest climates Deciduous Shrub - Many varieties with white, pink, red, or yellow flowers - Fairly trouble-free plants that do well in well-drained soil
Prosopis alba or chilensis Argentine/Chilean Mesquite 20 - 40' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Semi-evergreen or evergreen Tree in mild climates - Thornless forms available
Prosopis glandulosa Honey Mesquite 30' H & W Little water Full sun Deciduous Tree - Little pruning needed - Often multi-trunked - Thorniness variable - Cutting grown 'Maverick' is a superior thornless form
Prosopis pubescens Screwbean Mesquite 30' H & W Little water Full sun Yes Deciduous Tree or Shrub - Seed pods tightly coiled in a spiral curl - Highly prized in dried arrangements
Prosopis velutina Velvet Mesquite 20' H 30' W Little water Full sun Yes Deciduous Tree - Thorniness variable
Psorothamnus scoparia Broom Dalea 3' H 4' W Little water Full sun Yes Deciduous Shrub - Requires sandy soil - Once established, it needs very little water, in fact, it does not tolerate overwatering - Attractive erosion control
Purshia mexicana Cliffrose 6' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Flammable - Fragrant creamy flowers
Pyracantha spp. Firethorn See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Many species and hybrids - Check with nursery for sizes - Attracts cedar waxwings
Quercus buckleyi Buckeye Oak 35' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Deciduous Tree or Shrub - Marginal - Trunk branches almost from base
Quercus chrysolepis Canyon Live Oak 20-60' H&W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Tree - Handsome round-headed or somewhat spreading Tree with smooth whitish bark
Quercus emoryi Emory Oak 50'H 40'W Little water Full sun Yes Yes Semi- Tree - Hollylike leaves - Tolerates a variety of soils - May shed leaves in spring
Quercus gambellii Gambell Oak 15-30'H 15'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Deciduous Tree or Shrub - Foliage turns yellow, red or orange in fall
Quercus hypoleucoides Silverleaf Oak 40' H 35' W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Semi- Tree - Leaves silvery white and woolly underneath - Sheds leaves in spring
Quercus ilex Holly Oak 30-60' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Tree - Growth can be fairly fast, but varies with soil and water conditions
Quercus muehlenbergii Chinquapin Oak 40-50'H 50-60'W Little to moderate water Full sun Deciduous Tree - Leaves turn orange and bronze in fall - Acorns edible
Quercus oblongifolia Mexican Blue Oak 30' H & W Little water Full sun Yes Yes Semi- Tree - Gray bark fissured in square plates - Sheds leaves in spring
Quercus suber Cork Oak 30-60' H&W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Tree - Handsome thick corky bark
Quercus turbinella Desert Scrub Oak 10' H & W Little water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Water during dry spells - Can be trained as a small Tree
Rhamnus ilicifolia Holly Redberry 15' H & W No water Full sun/partial shade Yes Shrub - No irrigation needed when established - Bulky Shrub or Shrubby Tree
Rhus spp. Sumac See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Some Native - Evergreen or deciduous Tree or Shrub - Flame resistant - Check with nursery for size and hardiness
Rhus virens Sumac 12' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Yes Shrub - Use as informal hedge or as background for other plants - Good choice for understory beneath tall Trees
Robinia neomexicana New Mexican Locust/ Desert Locust 6 - 30' H & W Little water Full sun Yes Deciduous Tree or Shrub - Flame resistant - Thorns - Wood brittle - Fast growing - Aggressive roots - Suckers
Rosa banksiae Tombstone Rose See remarks Moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Can grow to humongous size, but can be controlled - Local experience says moderate water OK
Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub or Groundcover - Many varieties - Check nursery for size and characteristics - Edible herb
Salazaria mexicana Paperbag Bush 3' H & W Little water Full sun Deciduous Shrub - Common name refers to fruit that develops into an inflated pouch
Salvia chinophylla Creeping Sage 4" H - 4' W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Groundcover - Flame resistant - Interesting, attractive plant all year - Small blue flowers
Salvia clevelandii Cleveland Sage 3-5' H 5' W Moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Many hybrids - Remove faded spikes to encourage rebloom
Salvia dorrii Desert Sage 1-3' H 2-4' W Moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Good in dry desert garden
Salvia greggii Autumn Sage 1-4' H & W Moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Blooms spring and fall - Many varieties covering wide color range - Deadhead - Cut back to one half in winter to keep it full
Salvia hybrid Rasberry Delignt 3' H & W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Deep green foliage has an herbal fragrance when crushed - Attract hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies
Salvia microphylla Scarlet Sage 4' H & 3' W Moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Usually 3-4'H 3-6'W - Available in various colors
Salvia mohavensis Mojave Sage 2' H 2.5' W Little water Full sun Yes Shrub or Groundcover - Flame resistant - Be careful not to overwater in summer - Fragrant foliage - Sages attract hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies
Salvia muelleri Royal Purple Sage 2-3'H 4-6'W Moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Drought tolerant - Spring to fall flowers
Salvia pachyphylla Giant Flowered Purple Sage 3'H 2.5'W Little water Full sun Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Blooms all summer - silver foliage - Prune & shape in fall
Sambucus mexicana Blue Elderberry 10-30'H 8-20'W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Yes Tree or Shrub - Drops its foliage during drought - Fruit is often used in jams, jellies, pies, and wine
Santolina spp. Santolina See remarks Little water Full sun Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Size varies by species - Cut back yearly before spring growth - In harsh winters some plants may die to the ground, but will should back
Senecio cineraria Dusty Miller 2' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Gets legggy unless sheared occasionally - Has heads of yellow or creamy yellow flowers
Senecio longilobus Threadleaf Grounsel 3'H 2'W No to little water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Toxic, poisonous to livestock - Common on overgrazed grasslands - Do not overwater
Senecio viravira Dusty Miller 4' H & W Little to moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Shrub - Flame resistant - Fuller in full sun - Tip-pinch young plants to keep them compact
Simmondsia chinensis Jojoba (Goat Nut) 3-6' H & W Little water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Marginal - Inconspicuous flowers - Can be used as a hedge - Available in dwarf form
Sophora secundiflora Texas Mountain Laurel 15-25'H 10-15'W Moderate water Full sun Yes Tree or Shrub - Toxic, seeds are poisonous if ingested - Naturally Shrubby, but can be trained into a Tree
Tecoma stans Yellow Bells 8' H 5' W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Yes Yes Shrub - Marginal - Will die back in winter, but will recover quickly
Teucrium fruticans Bush Germander 4-8' H & W Moderate water Full sun Yes Shrub - Blooms almost year-round
Ungnadia speciosa Mexican Buckeye 15' H & W Moderate water Full sun/partial shade Deciduous Tree or Shrub - Toxic, black seeds are poisonous - Large Shrub, but can be trained into a Tree - Summer irrigation optional
Vauquelinia californica Arizona Rosewood 20' H 15'W Little to moderate water Full sun Yes Yes Shrub - Good hedge plant - Slow grower at start - Similar to oleander, but not toxic
Vitex agnus-castus Chaste Tree 25' H&W Little to moderate water Full sun Deciduous Tree or Shrub - Leaves aromatic - Blooms summer to fall - Available with white, blue or pink flowers
Vitis californica California Grape To 30' No to little water Full sun/partial shade Deciduous Vine - Leaves emerge grayish, mature to green, turn red or yellow in autumn - Several varieties
Wisteria spp. Wisteria See remarks Little to moderate water Full sun Deciduous Shrub - Check nursery for exposure and size for different species and varieties - Control size & shape and encourage bloom production by pruning and training - W. sinensis will bloom in full sun or in partial shade
Xylosma congestum Xylosma 8-10' H & W Moderate water Full sun, partial shade Yes Evergreen or deciduous Tree or Shrub - Single or multi-stemmed - Stems zigzag and branches droop - X. compacta grows slowly to half the size of species