Yuma cauliflower and broccoli crops have increased substantially in recent years. Currently more than 93% of state cauliflower and 70% of broccoli is grown in Yuma. Maricopa and Pinal counties grow the rest of state cauliflower and broccoli.
Cauliflower increased from 1400 acres in 1980 to 6200 acres in 1992, then decreased to 4200 acres in 2001. Broccoli was grown on less than 200 acres until 1985, this acreage increase linearly from less than 1000 acres in 1990 to reach 7900 acres in 2001.
Cauliflower yield increased from 100 Cwt in 1985 to 309 Cwt in 1999. Broccoli yield increased from less than 100 Cwt in 1985 to 202 Cwt in 2001.
Both cauliflower and broccoli yield increase was believed to be due to
better integrated pest management, irrigation technology and soil and
plant nutrient management. The increase is also attributable to newly
created cauliflower and broccoli varieties.
Figure 1 Broccoli and cauliflower acres and yield (cwt) production in Yuma County from 1965 to 2001. Sources Agriculture Statistics, 1965-2001.
Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, James A. Christenson, Director Cooperative Extension, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Arizona.
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Information provided by:
Barry Bequette, firstname.lastname@example.org Extension Agent, Urban Horticulture
Barry Tickes, email@example.com Extension Agent, Yuma County
Mohammed Zerkoune, firstname.lastname@example.org Extension Agent, Agriculture
University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
Material written September 2003.
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