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Entomology: Xianchun Li

Associate Professor

Department of Entomology,
College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, University of Arizona
410 Forbes, PO Box 210036
Tucson AZ 85721-0036
Phone: 520-626-1749, fax: 520- 621-1150
Email: lxc@Ag.arizona.edu, lxc@email.arizona.edu


B.Sc., 1984, Southwestern Agricultural University, China
M. Sc., 1990, Nanjing Agricultural University, China
PhD., 2003, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Best Fellow, 2004, University of Toronto

Chemical / Molecular Ecology: Plant-Insect Signaling Interactions

I am interested in understanding the physiological, biochemical, molecular and evolutionary bases of fundamental processes in the life history of insects such as embryonic polarity, metamorphosis, developmental commitment, host usage and environmental adaptation. One focus of my research is to elucidate the reciprocal signaling interactions between plants and insects, and the resulted on-going defense (in the case of plants) / counterdefense (in the case of herbivorous insects) phenotypic arm race over ecological time scale, with emphasis on the genetic machinery that percepts and transduces the reciprocal cues into genome and regulate defense / counterdefense phenotypes. Working systems include Helicoverpa zea, the corn earworm, a polyphagous noctuide of economic importance, and Drosophila melanogaster, the fruit fly, a model organism. State of arts and traditional techniques are combining to identify the cues and to uncover the signaling transduction cascade that links environmental cues, gene expression and the resulted defense/counterdefense phenotypes. This research may lead to characterization of genes for designing new insecticides and/or genetically modifying crops.

Functional Genomics: Nuclear receptors / ligands / P450s triangle

The second focus of my research is to define, globally, the regulatory triangle between nuclear receptors (NRs), their ligands, and cytochrome P450s (P450s) in Drosophila melanogaster. Nuclear receptors (NRs) constitute a transcription factor superfamily that has evolved to sense and bind endogenous (e.g., hormones) and/or exogenous (e.g., naturally-occurring or synthetic xenobiotics) signal compounds, resulting in differential expression of particular target genes, which underlies a range of fundamental biological processes, including growth, development, reproduction, behavior, host usage, and environmental adaptation. Many of those cue chemicals, namely NR ligands, are synthesized and/or metabolized by members of the P450s gene superfamily, whose expression may be regulated by certain NRs.

In D. melanogaster genome, as many as 21 (18 classic) NRs and 90 (7 pseudogene) P450s have been annotated (Smirnov, 2002; http://receptors.ucsf.edu/NR /htmls/2D.html; Tijet et al., 2001; http://drnelson.utmem.edu /cytochromeP450.html), but no single reciprocal regulatory pathway has been identified between NRs and P450s. Bioinformatics analyses as well as systematic functional genomic techniques such as microarray, X-ChIP, mutation and ectopic expression will be combined to define the genome-wide regulatory interaction loops between NRs and P450s as well as to assign, at least partially, functions of individual NRs and P450s in the life history of fruit fly. Given the evolutionary conservations of homologous NRs and P450s between vertebrates and invertebrates, the results obtained in this project are expected to provide insights into the reciprocal regulatory interactions between NRs and P450s in other animals including humans as well as to provide great insights into new avenue for human NR ligand identification and NR-related drug design.

Insecticide and Bt resistance: Molecular mechanisms

The third focus of my research is to investigate the molecular mechanisms of Bt and conventional insecticide resistance, which is a major threat in current IPM system. In collaboration with Dr. Bruce Tabashnik, Timothy Dennehy, and Yves Carriere in our Department, we are going to compare Bt toxin binding affinity and other defects of natural (s, r1, r2, r3) and artificial mutant PBW (Pink Bollworm) cadherin proteins and thus define the key functional domains of PBW cadherin.

Selected Publications

Xianchun Li, Mary A. Schuler and May R. Berenbaum. 2006. Molecular mechanisms of metabolic resistance to synthetic and natural xenobiotics. Ann. Rev. Entomol. (in press).

Xianchun Li, Jerome Baudry, Mary A. Schuler and May R. Berenbaum. 2004. Structural and functional evolution of insect CYP6B proteins: from specialist to generalist P450. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 101 (9): 2939-2944.

Xianchun Li, Mary A. Schuler and May R. Berenbaum. 2002a Jasmonate and salicylate induce expression of herbivore cytochrome P450 genes. Nature, 419: 712-715.

Xianchun Li, May R. Berenbaum, and Mary A. Schuler. 2002b. Plant allelochemicals differentially regulate Helicoverpa zea cytochrome P450 genes. Insect Mol. Biol. 11(4): 343-352.

Xianchun Li, May R. Berenbaum, and Mary A. Schuler. 2002c. Cytochrome P450 and actin genes expressed in Helicoverpa zea and Helicoverpa armigera: ortholog / paralog identification, gene conversion, and evolution. Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. 32: 311-320.

Xianchun Li, May R. Berenbaum, and Mary A. Schuler. 2000a. Molecular Cloning and expression of CYP6B8: a xanthotoxin-inducible cytochrome P450 cDNA from Helicoverpa zea. Insect Biochem. Molec. Biol 30 (1): 75-84.

Xianchun Li, Art. R. Zangerl, Mary. A. Schuler, and May .R. Berenbaum. 2000b. Cross-resistance to ?-cypermethrin after xanthotoxin ingestion in Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 93(1): 18-25.

Zhaojun Han, Yinchang Wang, Qiansong Zhang, Xianchun Li and Guoqing Li. 1999. Dynamics of pyrethroid resistance in a field population of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) in China. Pestic. Sci. 55: 462-466.

Xianchun Li et al. 1997. Insecticide resistance in field strains of Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) and synergism of deltamethrin and methylparathion. Pestic. Sci. 50: 183-186.

Department of Entomology at the University of Arizona
Forbes 410, PO Box 210036, Tucson, AZ 85721-0036
Phone: (520) 621-1151 • Fax: (520) 621-1150 • E-mail: heffernl@email.arizona.edu

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