My research is motivated by my experiences as an elementary school teacher in an economically disadvantaged community in New Orleans. My students and their families inspired me to conduct research focused on informing the development of interventions and policies to support positive child development in high-risk, low-income communities. In particular, I was struck by the resilient outcomes of some students who thrived despite the odds, and by the extensive involvement of multiple family members in the lives of young children. My goal is to understand how to leverage these strengths to conduct research to inform policy and program development that ultimately improves the life chances of young children from economically disadvantaged communities. In addition, I am interested in understanding how culture shapes parenting, family relationships, and child development.
Broadly, my research program considers how family relationships are shaped by individual characteristics and larger cultural and socioeconomic contexts to influence parental well-being, parenting and coparenting behaviors, and early childhood social and emotional development. My focus is on identification of family strengths among disadvantaged families.
Specifically, my research focuses on understanding how adults, including parents, support network members and grandmothers, influence young children directly through interactions with children, and indirectly through relationships with each other. Considering other family members or adults who play significant support and caregiving roles is especially relevant to child development in disadvantaged and ethnic minority communities.
Please contact Dr. Melissa Barnett if you are unable to locate one of the publications listed below.
Barnett, M.A., Cabeza de Baca, T., Jordan, A., Tilley, E. & Ellis, B.J. (in press). Associations among parenting support, maternal parenting efficacy, and maternal depressive symptoms. Child & Youth Care Forum.
Barnett, M.A., Mortensen, J. & Gonzalez, H. (in press). Grandmother involvement and maternal psychological distress among Mexican origin families with young children. Journal of Family Issues.
Gonzalez, H. & Barnett, M.A. (in press). Romantic partner and biological father support: Associations with maternal distress in low-income Mexican-American families. Family Relations.
Barnett, M.A., Mortensen, J., Tilley, E. & Gonzalez, H. (2013). Global and parenting specific social support as protective factors for the wellbeing of Mexican American mothers of toddlers. Family Science, 4, 89-109.
Barnett, M.A. & Scaramella, L.V. (2013). Parenting and child sex differences in behavior problems among African American preschoolers: A within-family sibling design. Journal of Family Psychology, 27, 773-783.
Barnett, M.A., Gustafsson, H.C., Deng, M., Mills-Koonce, W.R., & Cox, M. (2012). Bidirectional associations among language development, social competence and parenting. Infant & Child Development, 21, 374-393.
Barnett, M.A., Mills-Koonce, W.R., Gustaffson, H.C., Cox, M. & Family Life Project Key Investigators (2012). Mother-grandmother conflict, negative parenting, and young children’s social development in multigenerational families. Family Relations, 61, 864-877.
Barnett, M.A., Scaramella, L.V., McGoron, L. & Callahan, K.C. (2012). Coparenting cooperation and child adjustment in low-income mother-grandmother and mother-father families. Family Science, 2, 159-170.
Barnett, M.A., Scaramella, L.V., Neppl, T.K., Ontai, L. & Conger, R.D. (2010). Grandmother involvement as a protective factor for early childhood social adjustment. Journal of Family Psychology,24, 635-645.
Barnett, M.A., Scaramella, L.V., Neppl, T.K., Ontai, L. & Conger, R. (2010). Intergenerational relationships, gender, and grandparent involvement. Family Relations, 59, 28-44.
Barnett, M.A. (2008). Economic disadvantage in complex family systems: Expansion of family stress models. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 11, 145-161.