I currently work as the lab manager for Ann Mastergeorge's Early Developmental Studies lab, and as the project coordinator for Strengthening Families Program, a 14-week parenting intervention for families with preschool-aged children. My research interests include prevention, intervention and evaluation of programs that serve low-income and/or high-risk families with children ages birth to five.
My experiences working with families with children with disabilities as well as in Early Head Start classrooms inform my work. Additionally, I collaborate with colleagues here at UA to using the Early Head Start Research & Evaluation dataset, as well as other evaluation and secondary datasets.
My career goal is to work as a research scientist and evaluator; ultimately, I aspire to inform evidence-based practice and policies that impact the health, well-being and education of socioeconomically-disadvantaged families of young children both regionally and nationally.
Doris Duke Dissertation Fellowship for the Promotion of Child Well-Being:
Funding awarded from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago to support dissertation research for two years.
Academic Mentor: Dr. Ann Mastergeorge, Associate Professor
Policy Mentor: Naomi Karp, Director of Early Childhood Professional Development, The United Way of Tucson and Southern Arizona
Dissertation title: Risk & Resilience Low-Income Families: Linking Contextual Risks, Parenting Style, Child Socioemotional Development and Maltreatment.
The aim of my dissertation is to examine trajectories of parenting styles across early childhood among low-income families, and then evaluate mechanisms of risk and resilience, including enrollment in Early Head Start, that promote children’s socioemotional development and risk for child maltreatment. This dissertation research utilizes secondary data analyses of Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project (EHSRE), a longitudinal impact study of EHS-eligible and EHS-enrolled families. Presently, I am preparing the data for the first analysis: predicting membership in particularly classes or styles of parenting across time based upon sociodemographic characteristics, previous class membership and enrollment in Early Head Start.
Mastergeorge, A. M., Paschall, K., Loeb, S.R., Dixon, A. (2014). The Still-Face Paradigm and Bidirectionality: Associations with Maternal Sensitivity, Self-Esteem and Infant Emotional Reactivity. Infant Behavior and Development, 37(3), 387-397.
Paschall, K. & Mastergeorge, A. M. (Under review). A Systematic review of bidirectionality in early parent-child relationships: Understanding mechanisms of influence.
Paschall, K. & Mastergeorge, A.M. (Under review). Integrating prevention and bidirectionality in the family stress model: Evidence from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project.
Mastergeorge, A.M., Paschall, K. Dixon, D., Martinez, C.L., Mills, A., Heffern, J. (Under review). A first look at the Preschool Strengthening Families Program in Arizona.
Paschall, K., Mortensen, J., Gonzalez, H., Barnett, M. A., & Mastergeorge, A. M. (Under review). Children’s negative emotionality as a moderator of parenting styles on classroom adjustment in a low-income sample.
Mastergeorge, A.M., Paschall, K. , Hornstein, J., Ayoub, C., Swartz, M., & Singer, J. (2013). Positive parent-child relationships. The Office of Head Start National Center on Parent, Family and Community Engagement. Available at: http:// eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/hslc/tta-system/family/docs/parent-child relationships.pdf
Mastergeorge, A.M., Paschall, K. & Sparrow, J. (2013). Families as lifelong educators. The Office of Head Start National Center on Parent, Family and Community Engagement. Available at: http://eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov/hslc/tta-system/family/docs/rtp-series- families-as-lifelong-educators.pdf
Select Conference Presentations
Paschall, K., Mastergeorge, A.M. (2014, July). Bidirectionality in Early Relationships: The Influence of Supportive and Negative Parenting in Parent-Child Interactions. Poster presented at the Head Start Research Conference, Washington, D.C.
Paschall, K., Mastergeorge, A.M., Dixon, A., Dixon, D., & Curley, D. (2014, June). Maternal Sensitivity and Toddler Engagement in a Parent-Mediated Intervention in High Risk Families. Poster presented at the World Association on Infant Mental Health World Congress, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.
Mastergeorge, A. M., Paschall, K., Dixon, A., & Loeb, S. (2014, June). The Still-Face Paradigm and Bidirectionality: Associations with Maternal Sensitivity, Self-Esteem and Infant Emotional Reactivity. Poster presented at the World Association on Infant Mental Health World Congress, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK.
Paschall, K., Mortensen, J., Gonzalez, H., & Mastergeorge, A. M. (2013, July). Early Head Start's Moderating Influence on Bidirectionality in Parent-Child Relationships. Poster presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Convention, Honolulu, HI.
Paschall, K., Mortensen, J., Gonzalez, H., Barnett, M. A., & Mastergeorge, A. M. (2013, July). Parenting Style, Gender and Teacher-Child Relationships: A Cluster Analysis Approach. Poster presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Convention, Honolulu, HI.
Paschall, K., Gonzalez, H., Mortensen, J., Barnett, M.A., & Mastergeorge, A. M. (2013, April). Predicting Pre-Kindergarten Social Competence and Emotion Regulation from Maternal Interaction Styles at 36 Months. Poster presented at the Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Seattle, WA.
Paschall, K., & Mastergeorge, A. M. (October, 2012). An Analysis of Parenting Stress and Positive Parenting Behaviors in At-risk Mothers: A Parent-Mediated Intervention. In M.A. Barnett & A. M. Mastergeorge (Chairs), Parenting Stress Predictors and Implications in Mexican American Families. Symposium conducted at the National Council on Family Relations Conference, Phoenix, AZ.