University of ArizonaNorton School of Family and Consumer Sciences

FCS Cooperative Extension

Congratulations Deborah Casper and Joel Muraco

Congratulations to Deborah Casper for winning the Ph.D. level Meritorious Graduate Teaching Award, and Joel Muraco for the Master level Award at the College level for this semester! Read more »

Parents: Their future is in your hands

Parents understand the importance of talking to kids about the dangers of sex, drinking and drugs, but they don’t routinely discuss money. Read more »

UA Crossroads Collaborative Expanding

The Crossroads Collaborative at the UA has taken on additional scholars and is now funding projects at Tucson nonprofits Wingspan, the YWCA and Kore Press. Read more »

News Contact: 
Stephen T. Russell
Contact Email:

Congratulations Lynne M. Borden, Ph.D.

Lynne M. Borden is the University of Arizona Extension’s Faculty of the Year for 2010. Read more »

Working With Children and Youth in Military Families: University of Arizona Online Courses

May 16– June 7: Pre-Session
“Understanding the U.S. Military Structure from a Family
Perspective” FCSC 411a/511a - 1 Unit Read more »

Congratulations to Henry Gonzalez!

The Norton School of Family and Consumer Sciences is very pleased to inform you that Henry Gonzalez, FSHD doctoral student, has been also been awarded a 2011 National Science Foundation (NSF) Gradu Read more »

Michele E. Walsh, Ph.D.

First Name: 
Last Name: 
Michele E. Walsh, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Associate Specialist, Evaluation
Frances McClelland Institute for Children, Youth and Families
650 N Park Ave
Tucson, Arizona 85721-0078
(520) 621-8739
Areas of expertise: 
  • Social and cultural factors that impact health and well-being
  • Rural health and wellness
  • Community-based research and evaluation
  • Applied social measurement
Research Focus: 

I lead the Norton School's  Community Research Evaluation & Development (CRED) Team,which conducts high quality, culturally responsive, community-based research and evaluation that promotes the health and well-being of children, youth, adults and families throughout Arizona and the Southwest.

Our goal is to be a resource and partner to the diverse communities and organizations of Arizona and beyond. For years, we have been committed to working on the ground with partners across the state, including tribes, state and local governments, justice systems, schools, and non-profits.

Our team carries out both quantitative and qualitative research and evaluation, drawing on expertise in survey, interview, and focus group methodology as well as sophisticated quantitative and geospatial analysis techniques. Our primary focus is to generate accessible, actionable information that our partners use to support their program and policy decision-making. 

As the Evaluation Specialist for Arizona Cooperative Extension, I support evaluation and evaluation capacity building across the state signature program areas (Child and Family Development; Youth Development; Leadership Development; Healthy Living; Water, Plants, and Natural Resources; Food and Fiber Production Systems;  & Animal Production Systems).

I am Affiliated Faculty in the Department of Psychology and with the Institute for LGBT Studies.

Current Projects: 
  • Principal Investigator, First Things First Regional Needs and Asset Reports (9 tribal regions; 10 county-based regions). Funded by First Things First, The Arizona Early Childhood.  Co-PI:  Violeta Dominguez (University of Arizona).
  • Principal Investigator, Evaluation of the Drug Treatment Alternative to Prison Program
    Funded by Pima County Attorney’s Office (via SAMSHA Behavioral Health Treatment Court Collaborative grant).
  • Co-Principal Investigator, Pilot Study of a Family-Focused Intervention to Support Transgender and Gender Creative Youth and Their Families, Funded by the University of Arizona Transgender Studies Initiative Faculty Research Grant, PI: Dr. Russell Toomey (University of Arizona).
  • Principal Investigator, The Construct of Kindness:  Measuring Kindness in Youth.  Initially funded by UA Foundation & the UA Office of the Vice-President for Research
Select Publications: 

Select peer-reviewed

  • Kaplan, D., deBlois, M., Dominguez, V., & Walsh, M. (2016).  Studying the teaching of kindness:  A conceptual model for evaluating kindness education programs in schools. Evaluation and Program Planning, 58, 160-170.
  • Duncan, B., Shen, K. Zou, L., Han, T. Lu, Z. Zheng, H., Walsh, M., Venker, C., Su, Y., Schnyer, R., Caspi, O. (2012). Evaluating intense rehabilitative therapies with and without acupuncture for children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(5), 808-815.
  • Herman, P., Rissi, J., & Walsh, M. (2011). Health insurance status, medical debt, and the impact of each on access to care.  American Journal of Public Health.  Published online ahead of print, American Journal of Public Health, 10.2105/AJPH.2010.300080
  • Herman, P. & Walsh M. (2011). Declines in hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction, angina, stroke, and asthma after implementation of Arizona’s comprehensive statewide smoking ban.  American Journal of Public Health, 101(3), 491-496.
  • Beck, C. J. A., Walsh, M., & Weston, R. (2009). The difficult balance of safety versus access: Mediation agreements of families with intimate partner abuse. Invited paper. Special Issue of Family Court Review, 47(3), 401-415.
  • Primack, B., Walsh, M., Bryce, C., &  Eissenberg, T. (2009).  Waterpipe tobacco smoking among middle and high school students. Pediatrics, 123, e282-e288.
  • Herman, P., Avery, D., Schemp, C. & Walsh, M. (2008).  Are cost-inclusive evaluations worth the effort?  Evaluation and Program Planning, 32, 55-61.
  • Walsh, M., Katz, M., Sechrest, L. (2002). Unpacking cultural factors in adaptation to Type II diabetes mellitus. Medical Care, 40(1 Supp), 129-139.
  • Walsh, M., Smith, R., Morales, A. & Sechrest, L. (2000). Ecocultural Research: A Mental Health Researcher’s Guide to the Study of Race, Ethnicity, and Culture. Human Services Research Institute: Cambridge, MA.


Select evaluation reports:

  • Walsh, M., Dominguez, E.V., Avery, D., Daws, J., Tanoue, K. & deBlois, M. (2015).  First Things First 2016 Community Needs and Assets Reports.  Prepared for the following First Things First Regional Partnership Councils: Tribal: Cocopah Indian Tribe; Colorado River Indian Tribes; Gila River Indian Community; Hualapai Tribe; Navajo Nation; Pascua Yaqui Tribe; Salt River Pima Maricopa Indian Community; San Carlos Apache Tribe; Tohono O’odham Nation; White Mountain Apache Tribe; County-based: Cochise; Coconino; East Maricopa; Gila; Graham/Greenlee; La Paz/Mohave; Navajo/Apache; Northwest Maricopa; Phoenix North; Phoenix South; Pima North; Pima South; Pinal; Santa Cruz; Southeast Maricopa; Southwest Maricopa; Yavapai; Yuma.
  • Avery, D., Tanoue, K., and Walsh, M. (2016, 2014, 2015).  Annual evaluation of the Pima County Drug Treatment Alternative to Prison Program. Prepared for the Pima County Attorney’s Office.
  • Gonzalez, J-M., Pettman, A., & Walsh, M. (2015). Evaluation Summary for Camp Born This Way: Summer Camp for Transgender, Gender-Creative and Gender Non-Conforming Youth. Prepared for Camp Born This Way, Tucson, AZ.
  • Daws, J., Avery, D., deBlois, M., & Walsh, M. (2015). Statewide Early Childhood Needs and Assets Report. Prepared for First Things First.
  • Dominguez, V., deBlois, M., & Walsh, M. (2015).  Tribal Diabetes Project. Prepared for the Arizona Department of Health Services, Bureau of Tobacco and Chronic Disease.
  • Dominguez, V. & Walsh, M. (2015).  Dental Prevention and Clinical Support Center Evaluation Project.  Prepared for the Inter-tribal Council of Arizona, Inc.
  • Kaplan, D., Tanoue, K., Dixon, A., Daws, J., Walsh, M. (2014).  Evaluation of the Care1st Avondale Resource and Housing Center.  Prepared for the City of Avondale.
  • Daws, J., Walsh, M., Kaplan, D., & Dominguez, E.V. (2013). Approaches to Public-Private Partnerships for Tobacco Cessation in Arizona:  Employer Coverage Study.  Prepared for the Arizona Department of Health Services Bureau of Tobacco and Chronic Disease.

Kirk A. Astroth, Ed.D.

First Name: 
Last Name: 
Kirk A. Astroth, Ph.D.
Professor & Extension Specialist, Family and Consumer Sciences
Family and Consumer Sciences Cooperative Extension
650 N Park Ave
Tucson, Arizona 85721-0078
(520) 621-6473

I became interested in non-formal youth work after teaching at a private college prep school here in Tucson for four years and then working in out-of-school programs like Model Cities/Neighborhood Read more »

Areas of expertise: 


  • Positive youth development
  • Leadership in non-formal youth groups
  • Youth/adult partnerships
  • Professional development for youth workers
  • Connecting youth with nature
  • International positive youth development
  • STEM education
  • 4-H curriculum development
  • Afterschool programs
Research Focus: 

My major research focus is on elements of effective youth groups and strengthening adult leadership styles to help improve youth outcomes in non-formal groups. As the director of the Arizona 4-H youth development program, I am constantly seeking ways to improve the program for today’s young people in order to keep it relevant and interesting to them. One example of this is Rockets to the Rescue, the winning design in the competition for the 2014 National 4-H Youth Science Day Experiment sponsored by National 4-H Council and other partners.  This multi-stage project is an innovative program teaching science, food security, engineering and math to young people.

Recently, I have also become focused also on re-connecting youth to the outdoors. After reading Richard Louv’s book, Last Child in the Woods, I became passionate about ensuring that 4-H creates some new initiatives to re-connect youth and their families with nature. A planning grant  enabled us to convene a national group of experts at a retreat at Biosphere 2, and since then we have received more funds to hire a program coordinator to bring some of these ideas to life. This work will ultimately help this generation and future generations maintain a necessary and beneficial connection with nature and will foster an appreciation for natural areas and open spaces.

I have also been tapped to help with spreading the elements of positive youth development in developing nations.  In addition to doing international consulting work in Latvia and Lithuanian, I recently completed a Winrock volunteer assignment to Nepal to start 4-H programs there.  I also spent a month in Nicaragua at the behest of Partners of the Americas starting 4-H clubs in rural areas.  I am also working actively with the Center for Global Initiatives here at the UofA to establish a national Extension and 4-H system in Mexico.

Finally, I often contract to help with research and evaluation for other organizations.  I am currently conducting a research effort for YMCA-USA on their signature STEM initiative called "Thingmajig."  This project is analyzing the experiences from 17 pilot sites who have implemented this initiative to see what works, what needs to be changed, and how to better impact youth outcomes around STEM.

In a similar vein, I am currently serving on the advisory board for Teen Science Cafe which is trying to increase youth interest in STEM careers by partnering them with scientists and sharing STEM related information in informal science cafe environments.  I have provided youth development training for program leaders and directors.

Current Projects: 
  • YMCA STEM Education Curriculum Development--contracted to develop STEM education units for YMCA programs to implement with 4-7th graders around the nation.
  • YMCA research project to assess the development of Thingamajig Invention Convention program pilot-tested by 17 sites in the nation.
  • 4-H curriculum development--developing new and cutting edge curricula for use in 4-H programs around the nation.
  • International Positive Youth Development--consulting on various programs funded by US AID to develop 4-H programs and models in developing countries.
  • Afterschool Programming--I currently serve as president of the board of directors for the Arizona Center for Afterschool Excellence and serve on the board of directors of the National Afterschool Association.  I have a passion for supporting afterschool programs and have contributed to the development of our Arizona state afterschool quality standards and the assessment tool.
  • Teen Science Cafe board of advisors


Subjects Taught: 

Understanding Youth Development--An Applied Approach (FCSC 496A).

Select Publications: 

Please contact Kirk A. Astroth if you are unable to locate one of the publications listed below.

Astroth, Kirk A. I'm Okay, You're At Risk: Beyond Ephebiphobia and Toward Research. New Designs for Youth Development. (Spring 1993). Vol 10: 15-18.

Astroth, Kirk A. Are Youth at Risk? Re-evaluating the Deficit Model of Youth Development. Journal of Extension. (Fall 1993). Vol. 31: 22-25.

Astroth, Kirk A. Beyond Ephebiphobia: Problem Adults or Problem Youths? Phi Delta Kappan. (January 1994). Vol. 75(5): 411-413.

Astroth, K.A. (1994). "Beyond Ephebiphobia: Problem Adults or Problem Youth." In Developing Public Library Resources for Young Adults. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of State, Division of Library and Information Services.

Astroth, K.A. (1995). "I'm Okay, You're at Risk: Beyond Ephebiphobia and Toward Research." In Monograph on Youth in the 1990's: Alternatives to Incarceration--Prevention and Treatment, Issue #4. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Dalhousie University, Youth Research Unit, 1995. pp. 29-38.

Astroth, Kirk A. "Rediscovering Today's Youth." (1996). New Designs for Youth Development, 12: 12-16.
Astroth, Kirk A. “The Vibrant Youth Group: Changing the Focus from Youth “at Risk” to Youth “at Their Best.” (1997). Resiliency in Action, 2; 13-17.

Astroth, Kirk A. “Eleven Essential Elements of Vibrant Youth Groups.” (1996). American Humanics, 6: 8-10.

Astroth, Kirk A. 4-H After-School: Education and Learning Where the Bell Never Rings. Classroom Leadership, 4(7):p. 4-5. (April 2001).

Astroth, K.A. (1999).  “Teens Are Not at Risk.” In Teens at Risk: Opposing Viewpoints. eds. Laura K. Egendorf and Jennifer A. Hurley. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, Inc. pp. 24-28.

Astroth, Kirk A., Timm, Dick, and Poore, John. (2002). Avenues to adulthood or avenues to civic anemia? Community Youth Development Anthology.

Astroth, Kirk A. & Haynes, George W. (2002).  More than Cows & Cooking: Newest Research Shows the Impact of 4-H. Journal of Extension, 40 (4). Online journal at:

Astroth, K.A. and Linkenbach, J.W. (2004). Risky Business: A Research Review of Risk-Inherent Recreational Activities, Potential Prevention Strategies, and Possible Applications to Reducing ATV Injuries and Fatalities. Chevy Chase, MD: National 4-H Council.

Astroth, K.A. (2004). 4-H Youth Development, Scholarship, and Land Grant Universities. Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement Volume 9, Number 1: pp.87-102.

 Garza, P., Borden, L.. M., and Astroth, K. A. (eds.) (2004). Professional Development for Youth Workers. New Directions for Youth Development. Winter. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Vogel, Mike P. and Astroth, Kirk A. (2005). Meth in Montana: The Extension partnership response. Montana Policy Review (Spring). Available on-line at:

Astroth, K.A. (2007). Understanding the 4-H Workforce: Staffing, Structures and Salaries. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University, 4-H Center for Youth Development.

Astroth, K.A. (2007).  Making the best better: 4-H staffing structures and trends. Journal of Youth Development, 2: 2.

Arnold, M., Astroth, K.A., Bourdeau, V., Garza, P., Horton, B., and Rennekamp, R. (2008). Ready…SET…Go!—Merging Afterschool and Science, Engineering and Technology. The Afterschool Review, 2 (Spring). pp. 18-20.

Astroth, K.A. and Vogel, M. (2008). Methamphetamine prevention education: An Extension response. Journal of Extension, 46 (5) October. Online at:

Astroth, K.A. and Lindstrom, J.L. (2008). Investing in professional development: Building and sustaining a viable 4-H youth development workforce for the future. Journal of Youth Development. 3 (2)-Fall. Online at:

            Astroth, K.A.  (2009).  The Desert You Never Knew.  [DVD].  Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.  Executive producer.

Astroth, K.A.  (2010).  No Child Left Inside: Connecting Today’s Youth with the Outdoors.  Backyards & Beyond, Vol. 4 (1).  Tucson, AZ: The University of Arizona.  pp. 7-9.

            Astroth, K.A., Goodwin, J. and Hodnett, F.  (2011).  Servant leadership: Guiding extension programs in the 21st century. Journal of Extension.  Vol. 49(3).  Online journal at:

            Rothenburger, L., Walahoski, J., Astroth, K.A., and Freichs, S.D.  (2011).  4-H Science Smart:  Competency Training Guide.  Chevy Chase, MD: National 4-H Council.

            Astroth, Kirk A.  (2012).  Arizona Rock Art.  Backyards & Beyond, Vol. 6 (1).  Tucson, AZ: The University of Arizona.  pp. 4-8.

            Astroth, K.A., Larsen, E., Peters, C., and Whiteside, J. (2014).  Rockets to the Rescue.   Selected winning entry for the National 4-H Youth Science Day Experiment.  Chevy Chase, MD: National 4-H Council.

            Astroth, K.A.  (2014).  Interdependence: The Ninth and Newest Critical Element for Positive Youth Development.  Journal of Youth Development, Vol. 9(3).  Fall.  Available online at:

            Astroth, K.A.  (2014).  Interdependence: Ninth Critical Element for Positive Youth Development.  Commentary.  Journal of Extension, December, Vol 52(6).  Available online at:

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