Bougainvillea glabra     
Nyctaginaceae Family     

Compiled by the Master Gardeners
of the University of Arizona Pima County Cooperative Extension.


Bougainvillea glabra
Bougainvillea trained up a trellis
Form: large cascading shrub; can be trained up on trellis (does not cling)
Seasonality: evergreen
Size: to 30ft in locations where it does not freeze; more commonly 10-12ft with spread of 8ft
Leaves: lots of variation in leaf shape: globular, elliptical, obivate, cordate; to 4in long
Flowers: small insignificant flowers surrounded by showy colorful bracts; many varieties of bract available including red, hot pink, purple, yellow, gold, and white; flowers mostly in spring but again in fall in response to day length
Fruit: not significant
Stems/Trunks: slender, arching stem; well-armed with thorns
Range/Origin: South America
Hardiness: frost sensitive; foliage damaged below 32°F


Bougainvillea in bloom
Bougainvillea glabra growing in natural cascading form


pink flowers
colorful bracts and tiny true flower within


variety 'Barbara Karst' is the most popular in, and best suited for, Tucson

hardiness varies with variety ('B. Karst' is more hardy than most)

return to common name index  Master Gardener Home Page return to Botanical name index
browse by
common name
browse by
botanical name

This page was first created July 2, 2001 and last modified April 19, 2008.

Web page design and photographs by Toni Moore, Master Gardener
email to:

© 2001 - 2008 Arizona Board of Regents. All contents copyrighted. All rights reserved.