Yucca elata     
Soaptree yucca   
Agavaceae Family     

Compiled by the Master Gardeners
of the University of Arizona Pima County Cooperative Extension.


Soaptree yucca
Yucca elata
Form: erect, trunk-forming succulent, also forms branches
Seasonality: evergreen
Size: 6-20ft high, branch spread 6ft or more; specimens with breadth to 12ft known
Leaves: long slender blades, to 4ft long, 1/2in wide, flexible when green, sharp tips; develops white threads along margins; old leaves yellow and bend downward, forming an attractive barrier around trunk
Flowers: on stalk emerging from central portion of each branch, grows 4-6ft above foliage, loose spike of hanging white bell-shaped flowers; bloom in spring
Fruit: small seed contained in 3-chambered brown pod, pod 2-3in long 1.5-2in across
Stems/Trunks: distinctive single trunk and attractive arm-like branches; best with old dry leaves left in place
Range/Origin: Chihuanhuan desert
Hardiness: to 0°F




succulent leaf blades
detail of threads
on leaf margins

Only one flower emerges from each branch clump per season.
If more than one stalk is present, the others are persistent (left from prior years).

has both tap root and fibrous surface roots
the flower is the state flower of New Mexico

return to common name index  Master Gardener Home Page return to Botanical name index
browse by
common name
browse by
botanical name

This page was first created September 21, 2001 and last modified March 16, 2004.

Web page design and photographs by Toni Moore
email to: tmoore1@flash.net

© 2001 - 2006 Arizona Board of Regents. All contents copyrighted. All rights reserved.