College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, The University of Arizona



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Cooperative Extension
Agricultural Experiment Station
The University of Arizona, Tucson
U.S. Department of Agriculture


In response to higher market prices last spring, both Arizona and U.S. cotton growers increased their plantings and favorable weather conditions produced a record U.S. cotton crop of 23 million bales. However, the political and market winds were not nearly as favorable. The World Trade Organization (WTO) Appellate Body recently upheld a ruling that U.S. “production flexibility contracts” and “direct payments” are “trade-distorting domestic support” and can not be categorized as permissible “decoupled payments.” A steady increase in global production also forced the December 2004 Futures Contracts down from 70¢/lb. in January to less than 45¢/lb by November. However, Arizona cotton producers have demonstrated their agility to respond to challenges surrounding farm policy, global market conditions, and new production technologies in the past and they have done better than many expected.

Performance of new technologies and genetic varieties along with the continued efficacy of established technologies and practices, for production regimes that vary from the low desert of Yuma to the high desert elevations in Southeast Arizona are the focus of articles included in the 2005 University of Arizona Cotton Report. This report is intended to provide scientific and unbiased information that will empower the irrigated cotton industry, particularly producers, in Arizona and the desert Southwest to improve their economic vitality.

The College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at the University of Arizona is proud to be a part of the agricultural community of Arizona. The efforts of many scientists, students, technicians, and grower-cooperators are highlighted in this Cotton Report.

Gene Sander
Vice Provost and Dean
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

The University of Arizona is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. Any products, services, or organizations that are mentioned, shown, or indirectly implied in this publication do not imply endorsement by the University of Arizona.
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Issued May 2005
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