Service Disparities and Bias in Evaluations:

Bias Against Female Instructors

Gender Bias in Academe: An Annotated Bibliography of Important Recent Studies

Recognizing Emotional Labor in Academe

The Invisible Labor of Minority Professors

What is Faculty Diversity Worth to a University? The invisible labor done by professors of color is not usually rewarded with tenure and promotion.

Empirical, peer-reviewed research on disparities in academia:

El-Alayli, A., Hansen-Brown, A., & Ceynar, M. (2018). Dancing backwards in high heels: Female professors experience more work demands and special favor requests, particularly from academically entitled students. Sex Roles. Advance online publication. doi:10.1007/s11199-017-0872-6

Guarino, C. M., & Borden, V. M. H. (2017). Faculty service loads and gender: Are women taking care of the academic family? Research in Higher Education, 58, 672-694. doi:10.1007/s11162-017-9454-2

MacNell, L., Driscoll, A., & Hunt, A. N. (2015). What’s in a name: Exposing gender bias in student ratings of teaching. Innovative Higher Education, 40, 291-303. doi:10.1007/s10755-014-9313-4

Shavers, M. C., Butler, J. Y., & Moore III, J. L. (2014). Cultural taxation and the over commitment of service at predominantly white institutions. In F. A. Bonner II, a. f. marble, F. Tuitt, P. A. Robinson, R. M. Banda, & R. L. Hughes (Eds.), Black faculty in the academy: Narratives for negotiating identity and achieving career success (p.41-51). New York: Routledge.

Social Sciences Feminist Network Research Interest Group. (2017). The Burden of Invisible Work in Academia: Social Inequalities and Time Use in Five University Departments. Humboldt Journal of Social Relations, 39, 228-245.