Plant - summer
Mingus Mtn
Sue Smith
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants
   
 
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Plant Image
Needles
Mingus Mtn
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Bark
Mingus Mtn
Sue Smith
Plant Description

Origin: Native  Similar Species: Abies grandis (grand fir)
General Description: Evergreen. Forms a perfect pyramid when young and growing in the open. Large fir with a silvery bluish-green, narrow crown. Branches at crown are short, symmetrical and horizontal. Densely clothed with branches nearly to the ground. Trunk diameter of 2 to 3 feet.
Identification notes: Tree with a spire-like crown that becomes rounder with age. Twigs without hairs when young; grayish-green cones; leaf resin ducts near epidermis; needles spirally arranged but appear 2-ranked; gray bark thickens with age into deep longitudinal furrows.
Height: 80 to 100 feet     Width: 20 to 30 feet


Habitat

Habitat Description: Rocky slopes, coniferous forests.
Plant Communities: Montane Conifer Forest
Elevation: 5500 - 9000 feet


Flowers - Gymnosperm, not a flowering plant


Leaves

Leaf Color: Bluish-green, grayish-green   Type: Needles   Shape: Narrow   Margin: Smooth   Attachment: Whorl   Hairs: N
Description: Needles are pale bluish-green or grayish-green, flat to 3 inches long, spreading and curved upward; appear to be in 2 rows but are actually spirally arranged.


Fruit

Color: Yellow-green to dark red   Type: Cone or cone-like   Description: Male and female cones on same tree; male (pollen) cones less than 1/2 inch long, dark red, sometimes yellow; female (seed) cones oblong-cylindric, up to 5 inches long, yellowish-green, broadly winged, point upward in the top branches.


Bark/Branches

Bark Color: Gray   Bark Texture (Mature): Rough   Bark and Branch Description: Young trees have a smooth and light gray bark with broken blisters of resin or "balsam". Old trees have an light gray and deeply furrowed, thick bark.
Spines, thorns or prickles: N

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 8.0  
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Last Updated: Feb 16, 2020  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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