Plant - summer
Granite Mtn - Tr 308
Sue Smith
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants
   
 
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Plant Image
Leaves
Willow Lake
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Winter branches
Granite Lake Basin
Doug McMillan
Plant Image
Female flowers
Granite Mtn - Tr 308
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Male flowers
Willow Lake
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Fruit
Granite Mtn - Tr 308
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Bark
Granite Mtn - Tr 308
Sue Smith
Plant Description

Origin: Native  Similar Species: Sapindus saponaria drummondii, Ailanthus
General Description: Deciduous. Deciduous tree with a stout trunk, ascending branches and fissured bark. Large, alternate, odd-pinnate leaves with 9 to 15 serrate leaflets. Fruits develop a thick shell with deep grooves enclosing an oily, edible seed/nut.
Identification notes: Leaves alternate, odd-pinnate with 9 to 15 leaflets, lance-like with pointed tips and toothed margins. Flowers in catkins; male flowers with 4 to 40 stamens in 2 or more series, female flowers with 4 sepals and 4 petals.
Height: 20 to 40 feet     Width: To 45 feet


Habitat

Habitat Description: Along streams and in canyons.
Plant Communities: Riparian
Elevation: 3500 - 7000 feet


Flowers

Color: Green   Shape: Other in elongated clusters    Tubular: N   Flowering Period: Apr - May
Description: Male and female flowers separate on the same tree. Male flowers are in hanging catkins while female flowers, which usually do not have petals, are single or in erect clusters at the end of the last year's shoots. Blooms before or during leaf development.


Leaves

Leaf Color: Green   Type: Compound   Shape: Narrow   Margin: Toothed   Attachment: Alternate   Hairs: Bottom of leaves
Description: Odd-pinnately compound, 8 to 12 inches long with 9 to 15 lance-shaped coarsely toothed leaflets to 4 inches long. The last leaflet is often smaller or absent. Leaves hairy on lower surface when young, later becoming smooth.


Fruit

Color: Brown   Type: Nut or nut-like   Description: Round, 1-1/2 inches diameter, smooth husk, initially bright green but turning brown with inner hard shelled, deeply grooved sweet nut. Matures in fall.


Bark/Branches

Bark Color: Gray to brown   Bark Texture (Mature): Rough   Bark and Branch Description: Bark light to medium gray or brownish, divided into narrow checkered scaly furrows. Trunk up to 3 feet in diameter. Twigs are stout, fuzzy haired and initially green but turning brown with age.
Spines, thorns or prickles: N

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 8.0  
http://cals.arizona.edu/yavapaiplants/SpeciesDetail.php  
Last Updated: Feb 16, 2020  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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