Tree
Max Licher @http://swbiodiversity.org
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants
   
 
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Plant Image
Leaves
Les Landrum @ http://swbiodiversity.org
Plant Image
Flowers
Max Licher @http://swbiodiversity.org
Plant Image
Fruit
Max Licher @http://swbiodiversity.org
Plant Description

Origin: Native
General Description: Deciduous. A large shrub or small flowering tree with an irregularly rounded crown and drooping branches. Thicket forming. Twigs have sharp thorns up to 2 inches long. Can become weedy and invasive. Tolerant of high intensity fires.
Identification notes: Distinguished from other mesquites by its smooth-edged leaflets.
Height: 20 feet     Width: 20 feet


Habitat

Habitat Description: Occurs on plains, hillsides and along washes.
Plant Communities: Desert Scrub, Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Riparian, Disturbed Areas
Elevation: 0 - 4500 feet


Flowers

Color: Yellow   Shape: Regular in elongated clusters     Tubular: Y   Flowering Period: May
Description: Creamy-yellow and fragrant to 1/4 inch long. Cluster is narrow to 3 inches long. Calyx has a shallow, cup-like shape. Each flower has 10 stamens and white woolly ovaries.


Leaves

Leaf Color: Yellowish-green   Type: Compound   Shape: Narrow   Margin: Smooth   Attachment: Alternate   Hairs: N
Description: Bipinnately compound with leaf stalks. Leaves are to 8 inches long and have a central stalk that splits into 2 stalks. The 2 stalks have 10 to 20 pairs of narrow leaflets. Leaflets are to 1-1/4 inches long and 1/8 inch wide with a feathery appearance.


Fruit

Color: Yellowish-brown   Type: Pod   Description: Spiraled or straight bean-like pod to 8 inches long. Somewhat flattened and with slight constrictions between the seeds.


Bark/Branches

Bark Color: Gray and reddish-brown   Bark Texture (Mature): Rough   Bark and Branch Description: Older bark is gray-brown while newer bark is reddish-brown. Trunk grows to one foot in diameter. Has a single or pair of white to yellowish spines at the nodes.
Spines, thorns or prickles: Y

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 7.0  
http://cals.arizona.edu/yavapaiplants/SpeciesDetail.php  
Last Updated: May 10, 2017  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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