Patrick Alexander @
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants
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Patrick Alexander @
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Patrick Alexander @
Plant Description

Origin: Native
General Description: Deciduous. A small tree with single or multiple short, crooked trunks. Frequently branches close to the ground and has an irregular crown.
Identification notes: This species can be distinguished from other mesquites by its 5 to 9 pairs of hairy leaflets and fruit pods of 1 to 1-1/2 inches long that are spirally coiled.
Height: 10 to 25 feet     Width: Unavailable


Habitat Description: Found in rocky and/or sandy soils of water courses. It can survive in desert conditions but thrives where water is more abundant.
Plant Communities: Desert Scrub, Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Riparian, Disturbed Areas
Elevation: 0 - 4000 feet


Color: Yellow   Shape: Bell-shaped in elongated clusters    Tubular: N   Flowering Period: Apr - Sep
Description: Yellow spiked flowers, 1/8 inch long, in elongated clusters.


Leaf Color: Green   Type: Compound   Shape: Round or oval   Margin: Smooth   Attachment: Alternate   Hairs: Top and bottom of leaves
Description: Central stalk splits into 2 stalks and each of the those stalks have 5 to 9 pairs of leaflets.


Color: Yellowish-green   Type: Pod   Description: Pea-like pod, one to two inches long which is tightly coiled and spiral. Color turns light brown at maturity. Pods germinate after being scarified in the digestive tract of animals.


Bark Color: Light brown    Bark Texture (Mature): Shreddy or peeling   Bark and Branch Description: There are pairs of thorns where leaves attach on the branches. Bark breaks into long, narrow strips with age.
Spines, thorns or prickles: Y

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 8.0  
Last Updated: Feb 16, 2020  
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