Plant - summer
Forest Trails
Doug McMillan
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants
   
 
line decor
  Home   Plant Communities Plant List Search Forbs Search Grasses Search Woody Plants Additional Resources About this Website
line decor
 
 

Click on Any Image for a Larger View

Plant Image
Plant - summer
Pioneer Park
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Leaves
Lynx Creek
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Flowers
Forest Trails
Doug McMillan
Plant Image
Acorns
Willow Lake
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Bark
Pioneer Park
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Bark
Prescott area
Jeff Schalau
Plant Description

Origin: Native
General Description: Spring-deciduous. Upright with a short trunk and a round crown with stout limbs. Slow growth. Found on rocky slopes.
Identification notes: Dark green, oblong, shiny leaves with spines at the margins (leaf edges). The bark is black on mature trees. Shrub or a tree, but can reach a height of 40 feet or more; often has a very upright growth habit; drought-deciduous.
Height: 50 feet     Width: 40 feet


Habitat

Plant Communities: Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Pinyon Juniper Woodland, Montane Conifer Forest, Riparian
Elevation: 4000 - 7000 feet


Flowers

Color: Yellow-green   Shape: Inconspicuous in elongated clusters     Tubular: N   Flowering Period: Mar - Apr
Description: Monoecious. Tiny. Males in long drooping catkins, yellow-green. Females have very small short spikes in leaf axils, appearing with the leaves.


Leaves

Leaf Color: Yellow-green to dark-green   Type: Simple   Shape: Round or oval   Margin: Toothed   Attachment: Alternate   Hairs: Bottom of leaves
Description: Narrowly ovate to broadly lance shaped, 1 to 3 inches long with a spiny tip and some spiny teeth on the margins. Thick, stiff and leathery. Shiny yellow-green to dark-green and smooth above, paler but smooth below with maybe a few hairs.


Fruit

Color: Brown   Type: Acorn or acorn-like   Description: Oblong acorn 1/2 to 3/4 inch long with lower third covered by a hairy, thick, scaly, bowl-shaped cup. Ripens in one season in early fall.


Bark/Branches

Bark Color: Gray to black   Bark Texture (Mature): Rough   Bark and Branch Description: Becoming quite thick and splitting into irregular furrows and scaly ridges with rectangular plates. Twigs are fuzzy and yellow-brown. Trunk up to 2-1/2 feet in diameter.
Spines, thorns or prickles: Y

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 7.0  
http://cals.arizona.edu/yavapaiplants/SpeciesDetail.php  
Last Updated: May 10, 2017  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
Legal Disclaimer