Plant - summer
Granite Mtn - Tr 308
Sue Smith
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants
   
 
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Plant Image
Leaves
Granite Mtn - Tr 40
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Leaves
Mint Wash - Tr 345
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Flowers
Granite Mtn - Tr 345
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Young fruit
County Rd 65A
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Fruit
Grapevine Canyon
Sue Smith
Plant Image
Bark
Spruce Cyn Wash & Dosie Pit Rd - TR 264
Doug McMillan
Plant Description

Origin: Native
General Description: Evergreen. A spreading, multi-branched, dense, slow growing shrub or small tree with holly-like leaves and bright red fruit
Identification notes: Leaves are alternate, evergreen, bright green, stemmed, rounded, narrower at their base, undulating, toothed, hairless, often notched at the apex; flowers generally unisexual, petals absent, flower parts in 4s (mostly); round, red berry-like fruits.
Height: 10 feet     Width: 5 feet


Habitat

Habitat Description: Found on dry slopes, in canyons and on open hillsides.
Plant Communities: Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Pinyon Juniper Woodland, Montane Conifer Forest
Elevation: 3000 - 7000 feet


Flowers

Color: Greenish-yellow   Shape: Regular in round clusters    Tubular: N   Flowering Period: Mar - May
Description: Flowers without petals, 4 greenish-yellow triangular sepals, clusters of 1 to 10 stemmed flowers found in leaf axils.


Leaves

Leaf Color: Bright green   Type: Simple   Shape: Round or oval   Margin: Toothed   Attachment: Alternate   Hairs: N
Description: Shiny, paler beneath, holly-like, oval to nearly round, spiny, wavy margins, leathery to 1-1/2 inches long.


Fruit

Color: Red   Type: Berry-like   Description: Bright red, 1/4 inch diameter juicy fruits in the fall.


Bark/Branches

Bark Color: Gray   Bark Texture (Mature): Rough   Bark and Branch Description: Shallowly fissured and rough on large specimens.
Spines, thorns or prickles: Y

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 8.0  
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Last Updated: Feb 16, 2020  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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