Plant - summer
North Rim, Grand Canyon
Max Licher @http://swbiodiversity.org
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants
   
 
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Plant Image
Leaves
Oak Creek Cyn
Max Licher @http://swbiodiversity.org
Plant Image
Flowers
North Rim, Grand Canyon
Max Licher @http://swbiodiversity.org
Plant Image
Flowers
Oak Creek Cyn
Max Licher @http://swbiodiversity.org
Plant Image
Fruit
Sedona landscape
Max Licher @http://swbiodiversity.org
Plant Description

Origin: Introduced  Similar Species: Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea, Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
General Description: Deciduous. Multi-stemmed, fast growing shrub or small tree originating from Europe. Prefers moist but well-drained soil in sunny sites. Can be associated with disturbed soils. Cannot survive in deep shade. Trunk diameter up to 12 inches.
Height: 20 feet     Width: 20 feet


Habitat

Plant Communities: Montane Conifer Forest, Riparian
Elevation: 6000 - 8000 feet


Flowers

Color: Yellowish-white   Shape: Regular in round clusters     Tubular: N   Flowering Period: May - Jul
Description: Flowers on 5 to 8 inch flat-topped cyme cluster in late spring and early summer.


Leaves

Leaf Color: Dark green   Type: Compound   Shape: Round or oval   Margin: Toothed   Attachment: Opposite   Hairs: N
Description: Leaves are 8 inches long. Leaflets are ovate, pointed and serrated with a length of 1 to 3-1/2 inches. Pinnately compound with 3 to 9 leaflets. Unpleasant odor when crushed.


Fruit

Color: Purple-black   Type: Berry-like   Description: Fruit is 1/4 inch or slightly larger in diameter and has 3 to 5 seeds. Can at times be greenish-yellow. Berries mature in August and September.


Bark/Branches

Bark Color: Brownish-gray   Bark Texture (Mature): Rough   Bark and Branch Description: Bark is light grey when young but with age changes to a coarse grey outer bark with lengthwise furrowing. Stiff annual shoots are light greyish-brown while the older branches are brown.
Spines, thorns or prickles: N

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 7.0  
http://cals.arizona.edu/yavapaiplants/SpeciesDetail.php  
Last Updated: May 10, 2017  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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