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Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Asparagus officinalis - garden asparagus

Plant Form: Forb or Subshrub

Family: Liliaceae

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Leaves and flowers
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Susan Holiday @
Forb Plant Description

Origin: Introduced   Life Cycle: Perennial
General Desc: Young stout stems later branch into tall fern-like growth. Male and female plants produce flowers. Only the female plant produces fruit (red berries). Male plants produce only spears.
Identification notes: Dioecious perennial herb with tuberous roots and a much branched stem. Leaves are reduced to scales. Fern-like appearance.
Height: 3 to 7 feet


Habitat Description: Fields, fence rows, roadsides, riparian and disturbed areas.
Plant Communities: Riparian, Disturbed Areas
Elevation: 500 - 7500 feet

Flower Characteristics

Color: Greenish-white to yellowish     Shape: Bell-shaped in elongated clusters     Tubular: N     Flowering Period: May - Sep
Description: The bell-shaped flowers are less than 1/4-inch long, with six tepals partially fused together at the base. They are produced singly or in clusters of two or three.

Leaf and Stem Characteristics

Leaf Color: Green     Leaf Type: Simple     Leaf Shape: Narrow     Leaf Margin: Smooth     Leaf Attachment: Alternate     Leaves Clasp: N
Hairs: No     Spines: N
Leaf Description: Stems are erect and much-branched. Leaves are scale-like, papery, and generally have a spur at the base. Stems elongate into fern-like growth.

Fruit and Seed Characteristics

Fruit Color: Reddish   
Fruit Type: Berry-like
Fruit Notes: Berries are poisonous.
Seed Notes: Seeds are black, generally 2 to 6 seeds per berry.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 8.0  
Last Updated: Nov 21, 2021
Content Questions/Comments: Email Mary Barnes  
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