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Flower heads

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Baileya pleniradiata - woolly desert marigold

Synonyms: Baileya perennis
Plant Form: Forb

Family: Asteraceae

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Flower head
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Forb Plant Description

Origin: Native   Life Cycle: Annual or perennial   Similar Species: Baileya multiradiata
General Desc: This marigold is found only in the Southwest. It is one of the longest-blooming and most common wildflowers in Arizona.
Identification notes: Stems leafy well above the middle and flower stems mostly less than 4 inches long, distinguishes this species from Baileya multiradiata.
Height: 1 to 5 feet


Habitat Description: Desert roadsides, sandy soils.
Plant Communities: Desert Scrub, Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Disturbed Areas
Elevation: Below 4900 feet

Flower Characteristics

Color: Yellow     Shape: Daisy or dandelion-like not in clusters     Tubular: N     Flowering Period: Mar - Jun
Description: May also flower from October to November. Only 1 flower per stem.

Leaf and Stem Characteristics

Leaf Color: Grayish-green     Leaf Type: Simple     Leaf Shape: Pinnatifid     Leaf Margin: Lobed     Leaf Attachment: Alternate     Leaves Clasp: N
Hairs: Stems     Spines: N
Leaf Description: Stems are woolly and colors range from grayish-green to nearly white. Basal leaves generally wither by time of flower.

Fruit and Seed Characteristics

Fruit Type: Achene
Fruit Notes: Cylindrical, distinctly angled; ribs of angles most prominent.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 8.0  
Last Updated: Feb 16, 2020  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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