Plant Image
Granite Mtn - Tr 308 - Sue Smith

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Castilleja integra - wholeleaf Indian paintbrush

Plant Form: Forb

Family: Scrophulariaceae

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Bracts and flower
Granite Mtn - Tr 308
Sue Smith
Granite Mtn - Tr 308
Sue Smith
Plant - summer
Granite Mtn - Tr 308
Sue Smith
Plant - summer
Granite Mtn - Tr 308
Sue Smith
Forb Plant Description

Origin: Native   Life Cycle: Perennial
General Desc: A spike of showy, reddish-orange flowers (bracts) top the leafy stems. Wholeleaf Indian paintbrush obtains some of its nutrients by penetrating the roots of nearby plants, most often grasses. Plants are often partially root parasitic.
Identification notes: Perennial with a woody base. Stems erect and covered with white wooly hairs. Leaves alternate and linear with smooth edges. Red flowers in dense spikes at tops of stems; each flower subtended by a showy scarlet to red-orange bract longer than the flower.
Height: To 16 inches


Habitat Description: Arid foothills, plains and mesas.
Plant Communities: Desert Scrub, Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Pinyon Juniper Woodland
Elevation: 3000 - 7500 feet

Flower Characteristics

Color: The bracts are reddish-orange and the flowers are green     Shape: Inconspicuous in elongated clusters     Tubular: Y     Flowering Period: Mar - Sep
Description: The showy reddish-orange parts of the flowers are actually bracts (modified leaves) and the greenish, tinged scarlet, tubular true flowers are inconspicuously hidden among the bracts.

Leaf and Stem Characteristics

Leaf Color: Green     Leaf Type: Simple     Leaf Shape: Narrow     Leaf Margin: Smooth     Leaf Attachment: Alternate     Leaves Clasp: N
Hairs: Leaves and stems     Spines: N
Leaf Description: The thick, narrow leaves are found all along the stem. There are typically several leafy stems per plant.

Fruit and Seed Characteristics

Fruit Type: Capsule

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
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Last Updated: May 10, 2017  
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