Plant Image
Flowerheads and leaves

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Chenopodium incanum - mealy goosefoot

Plant Form: Forb

Family: Chenopodiaceae

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Forb Plant Description

Origin: Native   Life Cycle: Annual
General Desc: This is an annual herb, often considered a weed. Stems, flowers and seeds are covered with a sticky powder.
Identification notes: Plants densely branching from the base, branches spreading to ascending. Covered with a mealy, powdery substance throughout. Leaf blades with basal lobes but no additional teeth.
Height: 1 to 3 feet


Habitat Description: This plant is found in seasonal riparian situations such as sand or gravel washes, savannas, stabilized sand dunes, dry sand prairies, along roads and barren waste areas. Habitats with sparse ground vegetation and a history of disturbance are preferred.
Plant Communities: Desert Scrub, Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Pinyon Juniper Woodland, Montane Conifer Forest, Riparian, Disturbed Areas
Elevation: 100 - 8500 feet

Flower Characteristics

Color: Whitish-green     Shape: Inconspicuous in elongated clusters     Tubular: N     Flowering Period: Mar - May
Description: Flowers are green and may appear whitish due to abundance of powdery meal. Inconspicuous flowers are grouped in terminal and lateral panicles and each holds a single seed.

Leaf and Stem Characteristics

Leaf Color: Grayish-green     Leaf Type: Simple     Leaf Shape: Triangular     Leaf Margin: Lobed     Leaf Attachment: Alternate     Leaves Clasp: N
Hairs: Leaves and stems     Spines: N
Leaf Description: Leaves sometimes have 2 lobes near the base. Undersides are whitish and have a mealy texture due to coating of fine, granular, modified hairs. Stems may have sections of beet-red coloration.

Fruit and Seed Characteristics

Fruit Color: Black   
Fruit Type: Achene
Fruit Notes: Small, single-seeded achenes.
Seed Notes: Tiny seeds have rounded margins with a narrow rim. Seed coat is dark black and wrinkled.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 7.0  
Last Updated: May 10, 2017  
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