Plant Image
Flower head
Grapevine Canyon - Sue Smith

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Draba cuneifolia - wedgeleaf draba

Other Common Names: Whitlow-grass
Plant Form: Forb

Family: Brassicaceae

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Basal leaves
Grapevine Canyon
Sue Smith
Grapevine Canyon
Sue Smith
Plant - spring
Grapevine Canyon
Sue Smith
Grapevine Canyon
Sue Smith
Hairy stems and leaves
Grapevine Canyon
Sue Smith
Forb Plant Description

Origin: Native   Life Cycle: Annual
General Desc: This member of the mustard family is one of spring's early bloomers. Stalks emerge from a basal rosette, becoming leafless and terminating in racemes of distinct 4-petal white flowers. The pods may have as strong a visual impact as the flowers.
Identification notes: Annual, stems hairy, simple or branched at bases. Leaves mostly basal and round, edges smooth or toothed at tips; leaf hairs simple or forked; stem leaves few and smaller. Spreading to ascending hairy stalks bear small white hairy flowers.
Height: Up to 12 inches


Habitat Description: Around the base of pinyon or juniper trees, in rock outcroppings and on rocky slopes, in forest openings, on gravel banks and roadsides.
Plant Communities: Desert Scrub, Pinyon Juniper Woodland, Disturbed Areas
Elevation: 1000 - 7000 feet

Flower Characteristics

Color: White     Shape: Regular in elongated clusters     Tubular: N     Flowering Period: Feb - May
Description: Flower consists of four white petals, each slightly notched. There are six stamen, four larger and two smaller. The flowers form compact terminal flower heads.

Leaf and Stem Characteristics

Leaf Color: Dark green     Leaf Type: Simple     Leaf Shape: Triangular     Leaf Margin: Toothed     Leaf Attachment: Basal and alternate     Leaves Clasp: N
Hairs: Leaves and stems     Spines: N
Leaf Description: The leaf has a rounded apex and tapered base. Leaves form a basal rosette and then appear on bottom half of erect stems that emerge from the rosette. Basal leaves are <1 inch wide and 1/4 to 3/4 inch long. Leaves and stems have star-shaped hairs.

Fruit and Seed Characteristics

Fruit Color: Green   
Fruit Type: Pod
Seed Notes: Silicle is elliptical to linear in shape.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 8.0  
Last Updated: Feb 16, 2020  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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