Plant Image
Grapevine Canyon - Sue Smith

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Funastrum crispum - wavyleaf twinevine

Synonyms: Sarcostemma crispum, Sarcostemma lobata
Other Common Names: wavy-leaf milkweed vine
Plant Form: Forb

Family: Asclepiadaceae

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Grapevine Canyon
Sue Smith
Grapevine Canyon
Sue Smith
Leaves and stem
Grapevine Canyon
Sue Smith
Grapevine Canyon
Sue Smith
Seed pod
Grapevine Canyon
Sue Smith
Forb Plant Description

Origin: Native   Life Cycle: Perennial
General Desc: A twining milkweed vine with long, narrow, wavy leaves; flowers in umbel-like clusters. When the stems and leaves are damaged, they exude a milky-white sap.
Identification notes: Perennial vine with milky sap; downward curving hairs on stems. Leaves opposite on short stalks, hairy, narrow and triangular with wavy edges. Flowers red, purple, or green in flat-topped clusters of 4 to 10 at the top of short hairy stalks.
Height: Vine, varies


Habitat Description: Found in open dry rocky canyons and often among shrubs in chaparral and pinyon juniper woodlands.
Plant Communities: Interior Chaparral, Pinyon Juniper Woodland
Elevation: 3000 - 5500 feet

Flower Characteristics

Color: Red to purple or green     Shape: Regular in round clusters     Tubular: N     Flowering Period: Apr - Aug
Description: Flowers fringed with white hairs in flat-topped clusters of 4 to 10 at the top of short hairy stalks.

Leaf and Stem Characteristics

Leaf Color: Green     Leaf Type: Simple     Leaf Shape: Narrow     Leaf Margin: Other     Leaf Attachment: Opposite     Leaves Clasp: N
Hairs: Leaves and stems     Spines: N
Leaf Description: The narrow green arrowhead-shaped leaves are 1 to 4 inches long and the margins are wavy.

Fruit and Seed Characteristics

Fruit Color: Green to brown   
Fruit Notes: The long, narrow follicles are 4 to 6 inches long. Follicles open on 1 side only to release its seeds.
Seed Notes: Seeds are brown with long, silky, white hairs to help them disperse in the wind.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 7.0  
Last Updated: May 10, 2017  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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