Plant Image
Flower


Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Kallstroemia californica - California caltrop

Plant Form: Forb

Family: Zygophyllaceae


   
 
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Flower
Max Licher @http://swbiodiversity.org
Leaves
Patrick Alexander @http://swbiodiversity.org
Plant
Usage Rights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial)
Fruit
Patrick Alexander @http://swbiodiversity.org
Forb Plant Description

Origin: Native   Life Cycle: Annual   Similar Species: Kallstroemia parviflora
General Desc: This plant grows in thick carpet-like masses on sandy substrates. The branching stem has compound leaves which are each made up of several widely spaced pairs of small oval-shaped green leaflets.
Identification notes: Petals are up to 1/8 inch long, orange-yellow fading to white; the beak of the fruit is stout, up to 1/8 inch long and shorter than the fruit (nutlet).
Height: 2 inches


Habitat

Habitat Description: This plant is found in sandy or disturbed soils.
Plant Communities: Desert Scrub, Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Pinyon Juniper Woodland, Disturbed Areas
Elevation: 3500 - 5500 feet


Flower Characteristics

Color: Orange-yellow to white     Shape: Regular not in clusters     Tubular: N     Flowering Period: May - Oct
Description: Individual flowers have 5 rounded or oval petals and a ring of 10 stamens.


Leaf and Stem Characteristics

Leaf Color: Green     Leaf Type: Compound     Leaf Shape: Round or oval     Leaf Margin: Smooth     Leaf Attachment: Opposite     Leaves Clasp: N
Hairs: Leaves and stems     Spines: N
Leaf Description: Leaves are opposite and pinnate in pairs. Stems can be up to 2 feet long and sprawl along the ground.


Fruit and Seed Characteristics

Fruit Color: Brown   
Fruit Type: Nutlet
Fruit Notes: The fruit is a small body of 10 conjoined nutlets about 1/8 inch wide, which splits apart.


  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 7.0  
http://cals.arizona.edu/yavapaiplants/SpeciesDetailForb.php  
Last Updated: May 10, 2017  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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