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Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Vicia ludoviciana - Louisiana vetch

Other Common Names: slender vetch, deer pea vetch
Plant Form: Forb or Subshrub

Family: Fabaceae

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Max Licher @, Usage Rights: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
Max Licher @, Usage Rights: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
Seed pod
Patrick Alexander @, Usage Rights: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
Forb Plant Description

Origin: Native   Life Cycle: Annual
General Desc: This is an annual twining herb or vine that grows out from under rocks and uses its tendrils to climb up grass stems. Plant can be 6 inches high by 3 feet wide. It provides valuable forage for wildlife.
Identification notes: Flowers 1 to 3, generally crowded or 1; style hairs at tip, below, all around; leaflets 4 to 10; leaflet tip acute, 1-toothed or occasionally squared-off; seeds generally greater than 2.
Height: Stems trailing to 3 feet


Habitat Description: Limestone slopes with sandy granitic washes, desert scrub, grassland, chaparral, and riparian areas.
Plant Communities: Desert Scrub, Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Riparian
Elevation: Below 4000 feet

Flower Characteristics

Color: Bluish to white, pinkish     Shape: Irregular not in clusters     Tubular: Y     Flowering Period: Apr - Jun
Description: The pea-type flowers arise usually singly along the stem from leaf axils. Flowers are pinkish, pale blue or white in color.

Leaf and Stem Characteristics

Leaf Color: Green     Leaf Type: Compound     Leaf Shape: Narrow     Leaf Margin: Smooth     Leaf Attachment: Opposite     Leaves Clasp: N
Hairs: Stems     Spines: N
Leaf Description: Leaves are 1 to 3-1/2 inches long with 6 to 12 leaflets terminating in a forked tendril. The stem is covered with short soft hairs.

Fruit and Seed Characteristics

Fruit Color: Green to brown   
Fruit Type: Pod
Fruit Notes: Pods are approximately 1 inch long, with 4 to 8 seeds in each pod.
Seed Notes: Seed is spherical in shape, very hard and light brown in color with dark brown markings.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 8.0  
Last Updated: Nov 21, 2021
Content Questions/Comments: Email Mary Barnes  
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