Plant Image
Plant - summer
Chino Valley - near end of Peavine Tr
Sue Smith
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants


Bouteloua gracilis - blue grama

Synonyms: Bouteloua oligostachya, Chondrosum gracile, Chondrosum oligostachyum

Other Common Names: eyelash grass

Plant Form:Grass

Family: Poaceae


   
 
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Plant - cultivated

Chino Valley - near end of Peavine Tr Sue Smith
Plant image
Plant - summer

Chino Valley - near end of Peavine Tr Sue Smith
Plant image
Spikelet

Chino Valley - near end of Peavine Tr Sue Smith
Plant image
Seedheads

Chino Valley - near end of Peavine Tr John Kava
Plant image
Spikes w/o seeds

Chino Valley - near end of Peavine Tr Sue Smith
  Grass Description -   Glossary of Grass Terminology

Origin: Native    Season: Warm
Habitat Description: Open rocky slopes, plains, forest openings, and mountain meadows.
Plant Communities: Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Pinyon Juniper Woodland, Montane Conifer Forest
Elevation: 4000 - 8000 feet

Similar Species: Bouteloua hirsuta

General Description

Desc: Mat forming grass, leaves mostly basal with erect stems ending in 1 to 3 comb-like seedheads. Densely tufted, frequently has short stout rhizomes. Older clumps may die in center leaving a ring of active growth.
Grass Type: Perennial mat or sod-forming  Rhizomes: Y  Stolons: N
Large Dense Clump (> 2 feet): N  Bushy (highly branched): N
Height with Seedheads: 12 to 24 inches
Seedhead Structure: Branched - comblike branches  Seedhead Droops: N
Flowering Period: Jul - Oct



Flower Characteristics

Number of Flowers per Spikelet: One-flowered  Spikelets One-sided: Y
Awns: Less than 1/4 inch   Three Awns: N  Awns Bent: N

Flower and Seedhead Notes: 1 to 3, sometimes 4 primary branches.


Vegetative Characteristics

Blade Hairy: Y  Blade with White Margin: N  Blade Cross Section: Flat  
Blade Notes: Blades 2 to 10 inches long 1/8 to 1/4 inch wide, flat to involute at maturity, hairs usually present basally.
Sheath Hairy: N  Tuft of Hairs Top of Sheath or Collar: Y  Ligules: Hairy
Auricles (Ear-like lobes at base of blades): N
Vegetative Notes: Sheaths smooth or sparsely hairy; ligules less than 1/16 inch, of hairs, often with marginal tufts of long hairs.

Forage Value: Good, quality is highest when green, but it retains much of its value when dry.


  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 7.0  
http://cals.arizona.edu/yavapaiplants/SpeciesDetailGrass.php  
Last Updated: May 10, 2017  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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