Plant Image
Plant - summer
Mint Wash - Tr 345
Sue Smith
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Bromus rubens - red brome

Synonyms: Anisantha rubens, Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens

Other Common Names: foxtail brome, foxtail chess

Plant Form:Grass

Family: Poaceae

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Plant image
Plant - summer

Mint Wash - Tr 345 Sue Smith
Plant image
Plant - summer

Mint Wash - Tr 345 Sue Smith
Plant image
Plant - summer

Mint Wash - Tr 345 Sue Smith
Plant image

Mint Wash - Tr 345 Sue Smith
  Grass Description -   Glossary of Grass Terminology

Origin: Introduced    Season: Cool
Habitat Description: Open dry often disturbed ground, waste places, fields, and rocky slopes
Plant Communities: Disturbed Areas
Elevation: 2000 - 4000 feet

General Description

Desc: Annual, tufted bunchgrass, usually 8 to 20 inches tall but often less when growing on arid, shallow-soil sites. The several to numerous stems spread from the base of the plant.
Identification notes: Annual grass with erect to ascending, often soft hairy stems below the seedhead, 4 to 16 inches tall, reddish-purple; seedhead dense, contracted; spikelets long-awned, awns straight; lemmas narrow and pointed.
Grass Type: Annual  Rhizomes: N  Stolons: N
Large Dense Clump (> 2 feet): N  Bushy (highly branched): N
Height with Seedheads: Less than 12 inches
Seedhead Structure: Branched - contracted  Seedhead Droops: N
Flowering Period: Mar - Jun

Flower Characteristics

Number of Flowers per Spikelet: Multi-flowered  Spikelets One-sided: N
Awns: 1/4 inch to 1 inch   Three Awns: N  Awns Bent: N

Flower and Seedhead Notes: Seedheads 3/4 to 3 inches long, 3/4 to 2 inches wide, dense, borne erect on the ends of unbranched stems, with a kind of bottle-brush appearance. As seedheads mature they become reddish-brown to purplish. Spikelets 4 to 11 flowered.

Vegetative Characteristics

Blade Hairy: Y  Blade with White Margin: N  Blade Cross Section: Flat  
Blade Notes: Blades to 6 inches long, 1/32 to 1/4 inch wide, flat, clothed with soft hairs or down on both surfaces.
Sheath Hairy: Y  Tuft of Hairs Top of Sheath or Collar: N  Ligules: Membranous
Auricles (Ear-like lobes at base of blades): N
Vegetative Notes: Sheaths clothed with soft hairs or down to soft-hairy; ligules to 1/4 inch, blunt or rounded, usually making an angle of more than 90 degrees, appearing torn at the edge or irregularly cleft.

Forage Value: Poor, extremely short period of palatability.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 8.0  
Last Updated: Feb 16, 2020  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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