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Plant
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants


Phleum pratense - Timothy

Plant Form:Grass

Family: Poaceae


   
 
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Spikelet

Liz Makings @http://swbiodiversity.org
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Seedhead

Sue Smith
  Grass Description -   Glossary of Grass Terminology

Origin: Introduced    Season: Warm
Habitat Description: Moist soils in meadows, forest openings, roadsides, pastures and disturbed sites.
Plant Communities: Riparian, Disturbed Areas
Elevation: 4000 - 9500 feet

General Description

Desc: Plants loosely to densely tufted; seedhead stems usually erect, lower internodes frequently enlarged or bulbous.
Identification notes: Perennial with flat blades. Seedhead narrow, cylindrical, 5 to 20 times as long as wide, sometimes purple tinged.
Grass Type: Perennial bunchgrass  Rhizomes: N  Stolons: N
Large Dense Clump (> 2 feet): Y  Bushy (highly branched): Y
Height with Seedheads: Greater than 36 inches
Seedhead Structure: Branched - contracted  Seedhead Droops: N
Flowering Period: Jun - Oct



Flower Characteristics

Number of Flowers per Spikelet: One-flowered  Spikelets One-sided: N
Awns: Less than 1/4 inch   Three Awns: N  Awns Bent: N

Flower and Seedhead Notes: Seedheads 1-1/4 to 6-1/4 inches long, with very short branches; glumes are equal or nearly so, to 1/8 inch long and 3-veined.


Vegetative Characteristics

Blade Hairy: Y  Blade with White Margin: N  Blade Cross Section: Flat  
Blade Notes: Blades up to 18 inches long, 5/16 inch wide, margins rough.
Sheath Hairy: N  Tuft of Hairs Top of Sheath or Collar: N  Ligules: Membranous
Auricles (Ear-like lobes at base of blades): N
Vegetative Notes: Auricles are occasionally present but inconspicuous.

Forage Value: Provides forage for livestock, deer and elk.


  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 7.0  
http://cals.arizona.edu/yavapaiplants/SpeciesDetailGrass.php  
Last Updated: May 10, 2017  
Content Questions/Comments: Email Jeff Schalau  
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